Climate change and biodiversity projects financed by GEF

Consolidated guidance on climate change and biodiversity
Ecosystem resilience and climate change
  1. Capacity-building with the aim of increasing the effectiveness in addressing environmental issues through their commitments under the Convention on Biological Diversity, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification, inter alia, by applying the ecosystem approach;
  2. Developing synergy-oriented programmes to conserve and sustainably manage all ecosystems, such as forests, wetlands and marine environments, that also contribute to poverty eradication;
  3. Country-driven activities, including pilot projects, aimed at projects related to ecosystem conservation, restoration of degraded lands and marine environments and overall ecosystem integrity that take into account impacts of climate change.

GEF Report: UNEP/CBD/COP/13/14/Add.1, 2016
Climate Change Focal Area (Mitigation)
The goal of the GEF-6 Climate Change Mitigation Strategy is to support developing countries and economies in transition to make transformational shifts towards a low emission development path. The most critical direct contribution to achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets by the climate change mitigation strategy is through the land-based activities supported under Program 4 to promote conservation and enhancement of carbon stocks in forest, and other land-use, and support climate smart agriculture. Table 4 below depicts the contribution of GEF climate change resources to achieving Aichi Biodiversity Target 15 as prioritized by countries.
Cumulative Distribution of GEF Resources by Climate Change Focal Area Objectives and Programs for GEF 6 and Contributions to Achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets during the Reporting Period (July 1, 2014-June 30, 2016)
Climate Change Objective and Program Aichi Biodiversity Targets GEF Project Grant ($ million) Cofinancing ($ million) Total resources ($ million)
CC 2 Program 4: Promote conservation and enhancement of carbon stocks in forest, and other land-use, and support climate smart agriculture Target 15 76.4 486.6 563

Climate Change Focal Area (Adaptation)
The GEF manages two separate trust funds with a priority on climate change adaptation, namely the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) and the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF). These funds were established to address the special needs of developing countries under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and some of the projects approved during the reporting period contribute to the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. Table 5 below depicts the contribution of LDCF resources to achieving Aichi Biodiversity Target 7 and 14 respectively as prioritized by countries.
Cumulative Distribution of GEF Resources by the LDCF in GEF 6 and Contributions to achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets during the Reporting Period (July 1, 2014-June 30, 2016)
Aichi Biodiversity Targets GEF Project LDCF Grant ($ million) Cofinancing ($ million) Total resources ($ million)
Target 7 82 237 319
Target 14 1.9 11.5 13.4

COP12: UNEP/CBD/COP/12/14/ADD1, 16 July 2014 (Report of the Global Environment Facility)
Country Agency Title GEF Grant ($) Cofinance ($) Total ($)
Ethiopia UNDP Mainstreaming Incentives for Biodiversity Conservation in the Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy (CRGE) 3,316,455 16,000,000 19,316,455

Country Title Bio-focal area GEF Grant ($) Cofinance ($) Total ($)
Regional Adaptation to the Impact of Climate Change in Water Resources for the Andean Region 1,266,484 9,896,621 21,100,000 30,996,621
Thailand Maximizing Carbon Sink Capacity and Conserving Biodiversity through Sustainable Conservation, Restoration, and Management of Peat-swamp Ecosystems 453,505 3,344,400 12,960,000 16,304,400


The GEF manages two separate trust funds with a priority on climate change adaptation, the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) and the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF). Although these funds were established to address the special needs of developing countries under the UNFCCC, some of the projects approved during the reporting period contribute to the objectives of the CBD.
Of the 20 projects approved under the SCCF during the reporting period, seven projects demonstrate a clear link to biodiversity. SCCF grants associated with these projects amount to $44.16 million, with $225.39 million in co-financing, for a total of $269.55 million. Among these projects, several apply ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation, thus contributing towards the resilience of ecosystems and natural resources in the face of the current and future impacts of climate change; as well as towards the resilience of the people and livelihoods that depend on these resources.
Of the 77 projects approved under the LDCF during the reporting period, 25 projects demonstrate a clear link to biodiversity. LDCF grants associated with these projects amount to $173.43 million, with $625.91 million in co-financing, for a total of $799.34 million. Several of these projects adopt ecosystems as an entry point for addressing the urgent and immediate adaptation needs of vulnerable rural communities.

APPROVED SCCF PROJECTS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE OBJECTIVES OF THE CBD
Country Title GEF Agency Total SCCF amount (grant + fees) ($) Cofinancing ($)
Lebanon Sustainable Agricultural Livelihoods in Marginal Areas (SALMA) World Bank 7,862,398 26,100,000
Antigua and Barbuda Building climate resilience through innovative financing mechanisms for climate change adaptation UNEP 5,584,500 6,290,000
Regional Climate Change Adaptation in the Eastern Caribbean Fisheries Sector FAO 6,142,950 34,850,000
Regional Building Climate Resilience of Urban Systems through Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) in Latin America and the Caribbean UNEP 6,734,250 21,910,000
Morocco Increasing Productivity and Adaptive Capacities in Mountain Areas of Morocco (IPAC-MAM) IFAD 7,198,450 24,000,000
Regional West Balkans Drina River Basin Management Project World Bank 5,000,000 99,700,000
Bosnia-Herzegovina Technology Transfer for Climate Resilient Flood Management in Vrbas River Basin UNDP 5,639,250 12,540,000

APPROVED LDCF PROJECTS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE OBJECTIVES OF THE CBD
Country Title GEF Agency Total LDCF amount (grant +fees) ($) Cofinancing ($)
Burkina Faso Reducing vulnerability of natural resource dependent livelihoods in two landscapes at risk of the effects of climate change in Burkina Faso: Boucles du Mouhoun Forest Corridor and Mare d’Oursi Wetlands Basin UNDP 7,831,400 30,822,541
Djibouti Implementing adaptation technologies in fragile ecosystems of Djibouti's Central Plains UNEP 8,182,350 14,170,000
Regional Climate Proofing Development in the Pacific ADB 15,012,000 51,220,000
Lesotho Reducing Vulnerability from Climate Change in the Foothills, Lowlands and the Lower Senqu River Basin UNDP 9,195,998 26,000,000
Lesotho Strengthening Capacity for Climate Change Adaptation through Support to Integrated Watershed Management Programme in Lesotho FAO 3,999,700 7,763,000
Rwanda Building resilience of communities living in degraded forests, savannahs and wetlands of Rwanda through an ecosystem management approach. UNEP 6,132,000 10,844,000
Nepal Catalyzing ecosystem restoration for resilient natural capital and rural livelihoods in degraded forests and rangelands of Nepal UNEP 5,854,390 11,573,000
Angola Addressing Urgent Coastal Adaptation Needs and Capacity Gaps in Angola UNDP, UNEP 6,931,350 11,520,000
Angola Integrating Climate Change into Environment and Sustainable Land Management Practices AfDB 5,000,000 19,995,000
Haiti Increasing resilience of ecosystems and vulnerable communities to CC and anthropic threats through a ridge to reef approach to BD conservation and watershed management UNDP 6,000,000 25,300,000
Guinea Ecosystem-Based Adaptation targeting vulnerable communities of the Upper Guinea Region UNDP 8,979,000 27,600,000
Benin Strengthening the resilience of the energy sector in Benin to the impacts of climate change UNDP 8,979,000 30,000,000
Zambia Promoting Climate Resilient Community-based Regeneration of Indigenous Forests in Zambia's Central Province UNDP 4,363,575 23,698,776
Niger Disaster Risk Management and Urban Development Project World Bank 7,281,000 100,000,000
Bangladesh Ecosystem-based Approaches to Adaptation (EbA) in the Drought-prone Barind Tract and Haor wetland Area UNEP 5,803,500 17,000,000
Lao PDR Strengthening Agro-climatic Monitoring and Information Systems to Improve Adaptation to Climate Change and Food Security in Lao PDR FAO 6,164,250 16,755,500
Lao PDR Climate Adaptation in Wetlands Areas (CAWA) FAO 5,330,000 16,905,000
Senegal Mainstreaming Ecosystem-based Approaches to Climate-resilient Rural Livelihoods in Vulnerable Rural Areas through the Farmer Field School Methodology FAO 6,999,250 29,895,000
Haiti Ecosystem Approach to Haiti’s Cote Sud UNEP 3,524,628 10,915,000
Senegal Strengthening land & ecosystem management under conditions of climate change in the Niayes and Casamance regions - Republic of Senegal UNDP 4,653,750 43,700,000
Myanmar Adapting Community Forestry landscapes and associated community livelihoods to a changing climate, in particular an increase in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events UNEP 5,570,812 19,211,000
Mauritania Development of an improved and innovative delivery system for climate resilient livelihoods in Mauritania UNEP 5,584,500 11,900,000
Somalia Enhancing Climate Resilience of the Vulnerable Communities and Ecosystems in Somalia UNDP 8,979,000 37,121,000
Sudan Livestock and Rangeland Resilience Program IFAD 9,415,970 25,000,000
Afghanistan Building Resilience of Communities Living Around the Northern Pistachio Belt (NPB) and Eastern Forest Complex (EFC) of Afghanistan through an EbA approach UNEP 7,665,000 7,000,000

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme