Annex 1: Biodiversity information by country
Annex 2: Membership of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
Annex 3: GEF biodiversity projects
Annex 4: Information sources and further reading
Annex 5: Terminology, acronyms and abbreviations

Annex 5: Terminology, acronyms and abbreviations

1: Organizations
ACC Administrative Committee on Coordination (United Nations)
ACCOBAMS Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area (CMS)
AEWA African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbird Agreement (CMS)
ARCOS Albertine Rift Conservation Society
ASCOBANS Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic and North Seas (CMS)
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
BGCI Botanic Gardens Conservation International
BPSP Biodiversity Planning Support Programme (UNDP-UNEP)
CABI CAB International
CAFF Program for the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (Arctic Council)
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
CEC Commission for Environmental Cooperation (North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation)
CEC Commission on Education and Communication (IUCN)
CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
CGRFA Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (FAO)
CIFOR Centre for International Forestry Research
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
CMS Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals
CODATA Committee on Data for Science and Technology (ICSU)
COFO Committee on Forestry (FAO)
COGENT International Coconut Genetic Resources Network
CPAN Circumpolar Protected Areas Network (CAFF)
CSD Commission for Sustainable Development (ECOSOC)
CTE Committee on Trade and Environment (WTO)
DADIS Domestic Animal Diversity Information System (FAO)
DIVERSITAS A partnership of ICSU, IUBS, SCOPE, IGBP, IUMS and UNESCO to promote, facilitate and catalyse scientific research on biodiversity
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EC European Community
ECNC European Centre for Nature Conservation
ECOSOC Economic and Social Council (United Nations)
EEA European Environment Agency
EIONET European Environment Information and Observation Network (EEA)
EUROBATS Agreement on the Conservation of Bats in Europe (CMS)
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FIELD Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development
FRA 2000 Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000 (FAO)
FSC Forest Stewardship Council
GA General Assembly (United Nations)
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (WTO)
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
GCRMN Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network
GEF Global Environment Facility
GISP Global Invasive Species Programme
GIWA Global International Waters Assessment (UNEP)
GLASOD Global Assessment of Soil Degradation
GRID Global Resource Information Database (UNEP)
GTI Global Taxonomy Initiative
IABIN Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network
IACSD Inter-Agency Committee on Sustainable Development (ACC)
IAIA International Association for Impact Assessment
IBOY International Biodiversity Observation Year
ICARDA International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
ICBG International Cooperative Biodiversity Groups
ICES International Council for the Exploration of the Sea
ICLARM International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management
ICPR International Commission for the Protection of the Rhine
ICRAF International Centre for Research in Agroforestry
ICRAN International Coral Reef Action Network
ICRI International Coral Reef Initiative
ICRIN International Coral Reef Information Network
ICRISAT International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
ICSU International Council for Science
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFF International Forum on Forests (CSD)
IGBP International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (ICSU)
IITA International Institute of Tropical Agriculture
IMO International Maritime Organization
IOC Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCO)
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
IPF Intergovernmental Panel on Forests (CSD)
IPGRI International Plant Genetic Resources Institute
IPIECA International Petroleum Industry Environmental Conservation Association
IPPC International Plant Protection Convention
ITTO International Tropical Timber Organization
IU International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (FAO)
IUBS International Union of Biological Sciences
IUCN World Conservation Union
IUMS International Union of Microbiological Sciences
MAB Man and the Biosphere Programme (UNESCO)
MSC Marine Stewardship Council
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
OAU Organization of African Unity
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic
PEBLDS Pan-European Biological and Landscape Diversity Strategy
PHARE The Phare programme is the European Community's main instrument of financial and technical cooperation with the central and eastern European countries which are candidates for EU membership
RAFI Rural Advancement Foundation International
RAMSAR The Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat (Ramsar, Iran, 1971), also referred to as `The Convention on Wetlands' and `The Ramsar Convention'
REC Regional Environmental Centre for Central and Eastern Europe
REFORGEN FAO Global Information System on Forest genetic Resources
RIVM National Institute of Public Health and the Environment (The Netherlands)
SADC South African Development Community
SBSTA Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (UNFCCC)
SCOPE Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (ICSU)
SINGER System-wide Information Network on Genetic Resources (CGIAR)
SOCA Sub-Committee on Oceans and Coastal Areas (ACC)
SPAW Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (Cartagena Convention)
SPREP South Pacific Regional Environment Programme
SPS Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (WTO)
SSC Species Survival Commission (IUCN)
STAP Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (GEF)
SWR Sub-Committee on Water Resources (ACC)
TACIS The TACIS programme is the European Community's main instrument of financial and technical cooperation with the newly independent states (former republics of the USSR) and Mongolia
TBT Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (WTO)
TRAFFIC TRAFFIC is the joint wildlife trade monitoring programme of WWF and IUCN
TRIPS Agreement on Trade Related Shtmlects of Intellectual Property Rights (WTO)
UNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Rio de Janeiro, June 1992)
UNCLOS United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
UNDESA United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UNFF United Nations Forum on Forests
UNGASS Special Session of the General Assembly to Review and Appraise the Implementation of Agenda 21 (1997)
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization
UPOV International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (Union internationale pour la protection des obtentions végétales)
WAICENT World Agricultural Information Centre (FAO)
WCD World Commission on Dams
WCMC World Conservation Monitoring Centre (since July 2000: UNEP-WCMC)
WCPA World Commission on Protected Areas (IUCN)
WDCM World Data Centre for Microorganisms
WFCC World Federation for Culture Collections
WHC World Heritage Convention (Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage)
WIEWS World Information and Early Warning System on Plant Genetic Resources (FAO)
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WRI World Resources Institute
WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, September 2002)
WTO World Trade Organization
WWF World Wide Fund for Nature
2: Scientific terms
AI Aridity index  
CO2 Carbon dioxide  
DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid  
EIA Environmental impact assessment  
GM/GMO Genetically modified/genetically modified organism  
GURT Genetic use restriction technologies  
IBA Important Bird Area  
IPM Integrated pest management  
LMO Living modified organism  
NPP Net primary production  
PET Potential evapotranspiration  
3: Intergovernmental terminology
CEE/NIS Central and Eastern Europe/Newly Independent States  
CHM Clearing-House mechanism
COP Conference of the Parties
G77 The Group of 77
GBO Global Biodiversity Outlook /gbo/
GRULAC Group of Latin American and the Caribbean  
ICCP Intergovernmental Committee for the Cartagena Protocol
IGO Intergovernmental organization  
INC Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Convention on Biological Diversity (1991-1992)  
JUSSCANNZ Non-EU members of WEOG - Japan, United States of America, Switzerland, Canada, Australia, Norway, New Zealand  
LDC Least developed country
Nairobi Act Final Act of the Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity (Nairobi, 22 May 1992)  
NBSAP National biodiversity strategy and action plan  
NEAP National environmental action plan  
NGO Non-governmental organization  
PGRFA Plant genetic resources for food and agriculture  
SBSTTA Subsidiary Body for Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (CBD)
SIDS Small island developing States
WEOG Western European and Others Group  

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme