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COP 12 Decision XII/32

XII/32.Administration of the Convention and the budget for the Trust Funds of the Convention

The Conference of the Parties,
Recalling its decision XI/31 adopted at its eleventh meeting,
1.Expresses its appreciation to Canada as the host country for its enhanced support to the Secretariat and welcomes its contribution of CAD 1,576,652, for the year 2015 and CAD 1,584,692 for the year 2016, from the host country Canada and the Province of Quebec to the rental and associated costs of the Secretariat, of which 83.5 per cent has been allocated per annum to offset contributions from the Parties to the Convention for the biennium 2015-2016;
2.Approves a core (BY) programme budget of $14,472,500 for the year 2015 and of $14,153,800 for the year 2016 for the purposes listed in the tables 1a and 1b below;
3.Regrets that the in-depth Functional Review of the Secretariat, as set out in decision XI/31, paragraph 25, was not completed in time to be considered by the twelfth meeting of the Conference of the Parties as originally envisaged and requests the Executive Secretary to complete the Functional Review in consultation with the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme;
4.Requests the Executive Secretary to notify the Parties when each of steps 1, 2, and 3 as set out in the annex to document UNEP/CBD/COP/12/28, is completed and consult the Bureau on the progress of the Functional Review;
5.Also requests the Executive Secretary to submit the final report of the in-depth Functional Review of the Secretariat, including individual post analysis, in time for discussion at the first meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation, with a view to preparing a decision for the thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties;
6.Takes note of the indicative staffing table 2 of the Secretariat of the biennium 2015-2016 used for costing purposes to set the overall budget;
7.Authorizes, on an exceptional basis and within the United Nations rules and regulations and without prejudice to the decision of the thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties on the in-depth Functional Review and the classification of staff positions, the Executive Secretary to adjust the staffing levels, numbers and structure of the Secretariat in the light of the continuing outputs of the Functional Review, provided that the overall cost of the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity remains within that of the indicative staffing table, and to report on the adjustments made at the thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties;
8.Also authorizes the Executive Secretary to fill the post of the Deputy Executive Secretary as soon as possible noting that the terms of reference of this post may have to be reviewed during the Functional Review;
9.Adopts the scale of assessments for the apportionment of expenses for 2015 and 2016 as contained in the table 6 below;
10.Decides, in the light of the recommendation of the Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) in its report 166 on the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, to increase the working capital reserve to a level of 7.5 per cent of the core programme budget (BY) expenditure, including programme support costs, and to do so from the existing BY fund balance;
11.Also decides, on an exceptional basis, that the increased working capital reserve of the programme budget BY should also be available to act as the working capital reserve for the Nagoya Protocol BYP 167 Trust Fund until that working capital reserve of the BYP trust fund has been built up in accordance with paragraphs 7 and 8 of decision NP-1/13 or by 31 December 2016, at the latest;
12.Further decides that this exceptional arrangement on the working capital reserve will not have an impact on the contributions of Parties to the core budget (BY) for the biennium 2015-2016 and that any funds borrowed from the BY Trust Fund shall be repaid as the BYP working capital reserve is built, and within the first biennium;
13.Authorizes the Executive Secretary to enter into commitments up to the level of the approved budget, drawing on available cash resources, including unspent balances, contributions from previous financial periods and miscellaneous income;
14.Also authorizes the Executive Secretary to transfer resources among the programmes between each of the main appropriation lines set out in table 1a below up to an aggregate of 15 per cent of the total programme budget, provided that a further limitation of up to a maximum of 25 per cent of each such appropriation line shall apply;
15.Decides to share the costs for Secretariat services between those that are common to the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety on an 85:15 ratio for the biennium 2015-2016, while noting that the proportionate division between the Convention and its two Protocols will need to be reconsidered for the 2017-2018 budget following discussions on the implementation of the Functional Review of the Secretariat;
16.Invites all Parties to the Convention to note that contributions to the core programme budget (BY) are due on 1 January of the year in which these contributions have been budgeted for, and to pay them promptly, and urges Parties in a position to do so, to pay by 1 December of the year 2014 for the calendar year 2015 and by 1 October 2015 for the calendar year 2016, the contributions set out in table 6 (scale of assessment) below and in this regard requests Parties be notified of the amount of their contributions as early as possible in the year preceding the year in which the contributions are due;
17.Notes with concern that a number of Parties have not paid their contributions to the core budget (BY Trust Fund) for 2014 and prior years, including those Parties that have never paid their contributions, and also notes that, in accordance with the International Public Sector Accounting Standards adopted by the United Nations, arrears estimated at $476,384 will be outstanding at the end of 2014 and will have to be deducted from the fund balance to cover doubtful debt and so cannot be used for the benefit of all Parties;
18.Urges Parties that have still not paid their contributions to the core budget (BY Trust Fund) for 2013 and prior years to do so without delay or conditionalities and requests the Executive Secretary to publish and regularly update information on the status of contributions to the Convention’s Trust Funds (BY, BE, BZ and VB);
19.Confirms that, with regard to contributions due from 1 January 2005 onwards, Parties whose contributions are in arrears for two (2) or more years will not be eligible to become a member of the Bureau of the Conference of the Parties; this will only apply in the case of Parties that are not least developed countries or small island developing States;
20.Authorizes the Executive Secretary to enter into arrangements with any Party whose contributions are in arrears for two or more years to mutually agree on a “schedule of payments” for such a Party to clear all outstanding arrears within six years depending on the financial circumstances of the Party in arrears and pay future contributions by the due date, and report on the implementation of any such arrangement to the next meeting of the Bureau and to the Conference of the Parties;
21.Decides that a Party with an agreed arrangement in accordance with paragraph 20 above and that is fully respecting the provisions of that arrangement will not be subject to the provisions of paragraph 19 above;
22.Requests the Executive Secretary and invites the President of the Conference of the Parties, through a jointly signed letter, to notify Parties whose contributions are in arrears inviting them to take timely action and thank those Parties that have responded in a positive manner in paying their outstanding contributions;
23.Expresses its agreement with the funding estimates for:
(a)The Special Voluntary Trust Fund (BE) for Additional Voluntary Contributions in Support of Approved Activities for the Biennium 2015-2016 specified by the Executive Secretary and included in table 3 below;
(b)The Special Voluntary Trust Fund (BZ) for Facilitating Participation of Developing Country Parties, in particular the Least Developed and the Small Island Developing States, as well as Parties with Economies in Transition, for the biennium 2015-2016, as specified by the Executive Secretary and included in table 4 below;
(c)The Special Voluntary Trust Fund (VB) for Facilitating Participation of Indigenous and Local Communities in the Convention process for the biennium 2015-2016, as specified by the Executive Secretary and included in table 5 below;
24.Accepts the request from the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, in its decision BS-VII/7, that in view of decision XII/27 of the Conference of the Parties to hold the ordinary meetings of the Conference of the Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity concurrently with the meetings of the Parties of its Protocols, and taking into account advice to be provided by the Executive Secretary and the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme, decides to merge the BI special voluntary Trust Fund, which facilitates participation of the Parties in the meetings related to the Cartagena Protocol, with the BZ Voluntary Trust Fund, which facilitates participation of Parties in the meetings related to the Convention;
25.Decides that the merged BZ and BI Trust Fund should also be available to facilitate participation of Parties in meetings related to the Nagoya Protocol and requests the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme to seek the approval of the United Nations Environment Assembly to change the name of the merged fund to the Trust Fund for Facilitating Participation of the developing country Parties, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as Parties with economies in transition in meetings of the Convention and its Protocols;
26.Requests the Executive Secretary to ensure transparency when reporting on expenditure for the Convention and its Protocols under the merged Trust Fund;
27.Notes that the trust funds (BY, BE, BZ, VB) for the Convention should be extended for a period of two years beginning 1 January 2016 and ending 31 December 2017 and requests the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme to seek the approval of the United Nations Environment Assembly for their extension;
28.Reaffirms the importance of full and active participation of the developing country Parties, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as Parties with economies in transition, in the meetings of the Convention and its Protocols and in this context requests the Executive Secretary to take into account the relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties and the meetings of the Parties to its Protocols on Concurrent Meetings and Improving the Efficiencies of the Structures and Processes of the Convention and its Protocols; 168
29.Notes with concern that participation of developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing States as well as Parties with economies in transition, in meetings of the Convention and its Protocols has been adversely affected by the lack of predictable and sustainable funding and, in this regard, calls upon developed country Parties and others in a position to do so to substantially increase their contributions to the BZ Trust Fund and to guarantee that their pledges are honoured well in advance of meetings to allow for the full and effective participation;
30.Requests the Secretariat to remind Parties of the need to contribute to the Special Voluntary Trust Fund (BZ) at least six months prior to the ordinary meetings of the Convention and its Protocols;
31.Urges all Parties and States not Party to the Convention as well as governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and others to contribute to the appropriate trust funds listed in paragraph 23 above;
32.Stresses the importance of the relevant decisions of the Conference of the Parties and the meetings of the Parties to its Protocols on Concurrent Meetings and Improving the Efficiencies of the Structures and Processes of the Convention and its Protocols; 169
33.Requests the Executive Secretary to provide information on efficiencies and savings resulting from the further integration of the work of the Secretariat of the Convention and its Protocols;
34.Also requests the Executive Secretary to prepare and submit a budget for the programme of work for the biennium 2017-2018 for the consideration of the Conference of the Parties at its thirteenth meeting, based on two alternatives:
(a)Making an assessment of the required rate of growth for the programme budget (BY Trust Fund) which should not exceed a 5 per cent increase from the 2015-2016 level in nominal terms;
(b)Maintaining the programme budget (BY Trust Fund) at the 2015–2016 level in nominal terms;
35.Further requests the Executive Secretary to report to the Conference of the Parties on income and budget performance, unspent balances and the status of surplus and carry-overs as well as any adjustments made to the budget for the biennium 2015-2016;
36.Notes the ongoing debate in the United Nations Environment Assembly on the relationship between the United Nations Environment Programme and the Conventions for which the Executive Director provides the functions of the Secretariat and decides to consider the implications for the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Protocols at the thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties;
37.Expresses its appreciation to the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme for the support provided to the Convention on Biological Diversity and its Protocols.
Table 1a
Biennium budget of the Trust Fund for the Convention on Biological Diversity 2015-2016
(Thousands of United States dollars)
Description 2015 2016 TOTAL
I Expenditures
Office of the Executive Secretary 1,335.3 1,416.0 2,751.3
Science, Assessment and Monitoring 2,689.0 2,808.6 5,497.6
Access and Benefit Sharing/Nagoya Protocol 733.6 745.0 1,478.6
Mainstreaming, Partnerships and Outreach 2,233.0 1,904.2 4,137.2
Technical Support and Implementation 2,252.8 2,746.4 4,999.2
Resource management and conference services 2,886.8 2,905.3 5,792.0
Sub-total (I) 12,130.4 12,525.5 24,655.9
II Programme support charge 13% 1,576.9 1,628.3 3,205.3
GRAND TOTAL (I + II ) 13,707.3 14,153.8 27,861.1
III Working capital reserve 765.1 765.1
GRAND TOTAL (I + II + III+IV) 14,472.5 14,153.8 28,626.3
Replenishment of working capital reserve from savings (765.1) (765.1)
Less contribution from the host country (1,203.7) (1,209.8) 2,413.5
Less savings from previous years (250.0) (250.0) (500.0)
NET TOTAL (amount to be shared by Parties) 12,253.6 12,694.0 24,947.6
Table 1b
Biennium budget of the Trust Fund for the Convention on Biological Diversity 2015-2016 (by object of expenditure)
(Thousands of United States dollars)
Description 2015 2016 TOTAL
I Expenditures
A. Staff costs 1/ 8,390.9 8,545.5 16,936.4
B. Bureau meetings 95.0 155.0 250.0
C. Travel on official business 400.0 400.0 800.0
D. Consultants/subcontracts 100.0 100.0 200.0
E. Meetings 2/3/4/ 1,292.3 1,507.3 2,799.7
F. Public awareness materials 90.0 90.0 180.0
G. Temporary assistance/Overtime 100.0 100.0 200.0
H. Rent and associated costs 5/ 1,188.6 1,194.1 2,382.7
I. General operating expenses 5/ 418.5 418.5 837.1
J. Training 5.0 5.0 10.0
K. CHM IAC 40.0 40.0
L. Translation of CHM website 10.0 10.0 20.0
Sub-total (I) 12,130.4 12,525.5 24,655.9
II Programme support charge 13% 1,576.9 1,628.3 3,205.3
SUB-TOTAL (I + II ) 13,707.3 14,153.8 27,861.1
III Working capital reserve 765.1 765.1
GRAND TOTAL (I + II + III) 14,472.5 14,153.8 28,626.3
Replenishment of working capital reserve from savings (765.1) (765.1)
Less contribution from the host country (1,203.7) (1,209.8) (2,413.5)
Less savings from previous years (250.0) (250.0) (500.0)
NET TOTAL (amount to be shared by Parties) 12,253.6 12,694.0 24,947.6
1 Includes 85% of 1P5, 1P4, 3P3 and 2 GS posts and 50% of 1 P4 post shared with the Biosafety Protocol.
2 Priority meetings to be funded from the core budget:
- Ninth meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Article 8(j)
- Nineteenth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific Technical and Technological Advice
- Twentieth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific Technical and Technological Advice
- First meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation
- Thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention
3 SBSTTA-19 and WG8(j)-9 funded for 3 days each, back-to-back.
SBSTTA-20 and SBI-1 funded for 5 days each, back-to-back.
4 Budget for COP-13 divided between both years of the biennium.
5 Shared in ratio of 85:15 with Biosafety Protocol general operating expenses.
Table 2
Indicative Secretariat staffing requirements from the core budget (BY Trust Fund) for the biennium 2015-2016*
Description 2015 2016
A. Professional and higher categories
ASG 1 1
D-1 4 4
P-5 4 4
P-4 13.5 13.5
P-3 8 8
P-2 3 3
Total Professional Category 33.5 33.5
B. Total General Service Category 26 26
Total (A+B) 59.5 59.5
* The table is used for the purposes of paragraph 4 only. It is without prejudice to the existing staffing table to decision XI/31 and will be adjusted in view of the Functional Review.
Table 3
Resource requirements from the Special Voluntary Trust Fund (BE) for additional voluntary contributions in support of approved activities for the biennium 2015-2016
(Thousands of United States dollars)
I. Description 2015-2016
1. MEETINGS/WORKSHOPS
Science, Assessment and Monitoring
Inland waters biodiversity 50.0
Dry and sub-humid lands 10.0
Forests 105.0
Marine and coastal workshops 1300.0
Dry and sub-humid lands workshops 270.0
Forests workshop 50.0
Nature based solutions platform 50.0
World Water Day Report 50.0
Protected areas 60.0
Health and biodiversity 60.0
Sustainable use 80.0
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 210.0
Ecosystem restoration 300.0
Invasive alien species 550.0
Global Taxonomy Initiative 30.0
Monitoring, NR, indicators and GBO-4 155.0
Scientific assessments 20.0
Synthetic biology 200.0
Regional workshop on World Water Day Report 75.0
Regional workshops on protected areas 600.0
Regional workshops on scientific assessments 120.0
Regional workshop on Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 240.0
Regional workshops on Global Taxonomy Initiative 240.0
Regional workshops on invasive alien species 180.0
Regional workshops on climate change and biodiversity 260.0
Regional workshops on health and biodiversity 620.0
Regional workshops on sustainable use 300.0
Regional workshops on REDD+ 750.0
Regional workshop on impact assessment 70.0
Regional workshops on ecosystem restoration 600.0
Regional workshops on Monitoring, NR, indicators and GBO-4 100.0
Regional workshops on technical assessment and scientific cooperation 880.0
Mainstreaming, Partnerships and Outreach
Expert Group meeting on repatriation of traditional knowledge 80.0
Expert meeting on synergies among the Biodiversity-related Conventions 125.0
Expert meetings on stakeholder capacity-building 100.0
Expert meeting on island biodiversity 55.0
Expert meeting on tourism 20.0
Expert meeting on CEPA 80.0
Regional workshops on indicators and CSU (4) 240.0
Regional workshops on business and biodiversity 350.0
Regional workshops on tourism 105.0
Regional and subregional capacity development on Aichi Target 2 80.0
Regional gender capacity-building and consultative workshops 110.0
Regional workshops on CEPA 300.0
Technical Support for Implementation
CHM Informal Advisory Committee meeting (1) 40.0
Regional and subregional capacity-building workshops on NBSAPs 2000.0
Subregional workshops on resource mobilization 420.0
Global technical expert workshop on financial Reporting 100.0
Regional capacity-building workshops on financial reporting 360.0
Regional capacity-building workshops on the financial mechanism 360.0
Subregional workshops on the financial mechanism 420.0
CHM capacity-building workshops (2) 150.0
2. STAFF
Programme Officer (P-4) - Technical and scientific cooperation 415.1
Programme Officer (P-4) - Business and biodiversity 415.1
Programme Officer (P-3) - Agriculture and biodiversity 347.0
Programme Officer (P-3) - Climate change 347.0
Programme Officer (P-3) - Gender mainstreaming 347.0
Programme Officer (P-3) 50% - Dry and sub-humid lands 173.5
Programme Officer (P-3) 50% - Ecosystem restoration 173.5
Programme Officer (P-2) - Health and biodiversity 250.5
Associate Programme Officer (P-2) - Marine and coastal 250.5
Associate Programme Officer (P-2) – Forests 250.5
Associate Programme Officer (P-2) - REDD+ 250.5
Associate Programme Officer (P-2) - Monitoring, indicators &GBO-4 250.5
2 Associate Programme Officers (P-2) - Technical and scientific cooperation 501.0
Programme Assistant (GS) - Marine and coastal 145.0
Programme Assistant (GS) - Monitoring, indicators& GBO-4 145.0
Programme Assistant (GS) -Protected areas 145.0
Programme Assistant (GS) - Nature based solutions platform 145.0
3. TRAVEL COSTS
Inland waters 75.0
Marine and coastal 230.0
Agriculture/Biofuels 50.0
Forests 80.0
Dry and sub-humid lands 80.0
Nature-based solutions and World Water Day report 100.0
Protected areas 30.0
Climate change 70.0
Sustainable use 60.0
Scientific assessments 240.0
Invasive alien species 20.0
Health 50.0
REDD+ 120.0
Impact Assessment 25.0
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 60.0
Global Taxonomy Initiative 20.0
Ecosystem restoration 80.0
Monitoring, NR, indicators and GBO-4 60.0
Technical and scientific cooperation 148.0
Traditional knowledge 97.0
Cultural biodiversity 20.0
Cooperation 30.0
Stakeholder engagement 20.0
Local Government 40.0
Business and biodiversity 40.0
Tourism 55.0
Sustainable development 40.0
Gender mainstreaming 30.0
CEPA 50.0
NBSAP and National Reporting 440.0
Bushmeat 20.0
Synthetic biology 20.0
4. RESOURCE PERSONS
Short-term Staff/Temporary Assistance
Inland waters 104.0
Agriculture including biofuels 104.0
Health 60.0
Sustainable use 180.0
REDD+ 20.0
Nature based solutions platform 140.0
Island biodiversity 45.0
Technical and scientific cooperation 45.0
Tourism 45.0
Sustainable development 120.0
CEPA 75.0
Invasive alien species 20.0
Consultants/Sub-Contracts
Inland waters 150.0
Agriculture/Biofuels 30.0
Marine and coastal 770.0
Dry and sub-humid lands 10.0
Forests 40.0
Nature-based solutions 100.0
World Water Day report 75.0
Protected areas 60.0
Climate Change 90.0
Sustainable use 120.0
Scientific assessments 20.0
Invasive alien species 90.0
Health 120.0
REDD+ 60.0
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 80.0
Ecosystem restoration 50.0
Monitoring, NR, indicators and GBO-4 40.0
Technical and scientific cooperation 50.0
Repatriation of traditional knowledge 10.0
Sui Generis 10.0
Cultural diversity 10.0
Cooperation 40.0
Stakeholder engagement 140.0
Tourism 40.0
Sustainable development 80.0
Gender 40.0
CEPA 350.0
NBSAP/National Reporting 415.0
Economics 50.0
Financial mechanism 200.0
CHM 40.0
5. PUBLICATIONS/REPORT PREPARATION/PRINTING
Inland waters 100.0
Marine and coastal 20.0
Dry and sub-humid lands 35.0
Forests 85.0
Climate change 60.0
Sustainable use 190.0
Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 60.0
Health 80.0
REDD+ 140.0
Ecosystem restoration 200.0
Monitoring, NR, indicators and GBO-4 50.0
Technical and scientific cooperation 35.0
Sui generis 9.8
Cultural diversity 50.0
Cooperation 20.0
Stakeholder engagement 40.0
Local Government 20.0
Business and biodiversity 15.0
Tourism 5.0
Sustainable development 80.0
Gender 40.0
CEPA 125.0
NBSAP 450.0
Financial mechanism 50.0
6. ACTIVITIES
Website translation-(5 languages) 200.0
Participation of SBSTTA Chair to IPBES meetings 12.0
Sub-total (I) 27,641.5
II. Programme support costs (13%) 3,593.4
TOTAL COST (I + II) 31,234.9
Table 4
Resource requirements from the Special Voluntary Trust Fund (BZ) for Facilitating Participation of Parties in the Convention Process for the biennium 2015-2016*
(Thousands of United States dollars)
Description of Meetings 2015 2016 TOTAL
I. Meetings**
Thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP-13) 1,000.0 1,000.0
Regional Meetings in Preparation for the Conference of the Parties (COP-13) 100.0 100.0
Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice 600.0 600.0 1,200.0
Meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions 300.0 300.0
Subsidiary Body on Implementation 300.0 300.0
Second meeting of the Convention on Biological Diversity serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Nagoya Protocol (COP/MOP-2) 600.0 600.0
Sub-total(I) 900.0 2,600.0 3,500.0
II. Programme Support Costs 117.0 338.0 455.0
TOTAL COST (I + II) 1,017.0 2,938.0 3,955.0
* After the merger of the BI (Cartagena) and BZ Trust Funds, US$ 600,000 will be included in the newly merged Trust Fund for Cartagena Protocol COP-MOP-8.
** Sweden pledged SEK 650,000 for support of participation of ILCs and developing country Parties.
Table 5
Indicative resource requirements from the Voluntary Trust Fund (VB) for facilitating participation of indigenous and local communities in the Convention process for the biennium 2015-2016
(Thousands of United States dollars)
Description 2015 2016 TOTAL
I. Meetings
Support to Indigenous and Local Communitiesa 200.0 300.0 500.0
Sub-total(I) 200.0 300.0 500.0
II. Programme Support Costs 26.0 39.0 65.0
TOTAL COST (I + II) 226.0 339.0 565.0
* Sweden pledged SEK 650,000 for support of participation of ILCs and developing country Parties.
Table 6
Contribution to the Trust Fund for the Convention on Biological Diversity for the biennium 2015-2016
Party UN scale of assessments 2015
(per cent)
Scale with 22% ceiling, no LDC paying more than 0.01 %
(per cent)
Contributions as per 1 Jan. 2015
(US$)
UN scale of assessments 2015
(per cent)
Scale with 22% ceiling, no LDC paying more than 0.01 %
(per cent)
Contributions as per 1 Jan. 2016
(US$)
Total contributions 2015-2016
(US$)
Afghanistan 0.005 0.006 766 0.005 0.006 794 1,560
Albania 0.010 0.013 1,532 0.010 0.013 1,587 3,119
Algeria 0.137 0.171 20,990 0.137 0.171 21,744 42,734
Angola 0.010 0.010 1,225 0.010 0.010 1,269 2,495
Antigua and Barbuda 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Argentina 0.432 0.540 66,186 0.432 0.540 68,565 134,752
Armenia 0.007 0.009 1,072 0.007 0.009 1,111 2,183
Australia 2.074 2.593 317,756 2.074 2.593 329,176 646,932
Austria 0.798 0.998 122,261 0.798 0.998 126,655 248,916
Azerbaijan 0.040 0.050 6,128 0.040 0.050 6,349 12,477
Bahamas 0.017 0.021 2,605 0.017 0.021 2,698 5,303
Bahrain 0.039 0.049 5,975 0.039 0.049 6,190 12,165
Bangladesh 0.010 0.010 1,225 0.010 0.010 1,269 2,495
Barbados 0.008 0.010 1,226 0.008 0.010 1,270 2,495
Belarus 0.056 0.070 8,580 0.056 0.070 8,888 17,468
Belgium 0.998 1.248 152,903 0.998 1.248 158,398 311,301
Belize 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Benin 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Bhutan 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.009 0.011 1,379 0.009 0.011 1,428 2,807
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.017 0.021 2,605 0.017 0.021 2,698 5,303
Botswana 0.017 0.021 2,605 0.017 0.021 2,698 5,303
Brazil 2.934 3.668 449,516 2.934 3.668 465,671 915,187
Brunei-Darussalam 0.026 0.033 3,983 0.026 0.033 4,127 8,110
Bulgaria 0.047 0.059 7,201 0.047 0.059 7,460 14,660
Burkina Faso 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Burundi 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Cabo Verde 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Cambodia 0.004 0.005 613 0.004 0.005 635 1,248
Cameroon 0.012 0.015 1,839 0.012 0.015 1,905 3,743
Canada 2.984 3.731 457,177 2.984 3.731 473,607 930,784
Central African Republic 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Chad 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Chile 0.334 0.418 51,172 0.334 0.418 53,011 104,183
China 5.148 6.437 788,722 5.148 6.437 817,067 1,605,789
Colombia 0.259 0.324 39,681 0.259 0.324 41,107 80,789
Comoros 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Congo 0.005 0.006 766 0.005 0.006 794 1,560
Cook Islands 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Costa Rica 0.038 0.048 5,822 0.038 0.048 6,031 11,853
Côte d’Ivoire 0.011 0.014 1,685 0.011 0.014 1,746 3,431
Croatia 0.126 0.158 19,304 0.126 0.158 19,998 39,303
Cuba 0.069 0.086 10,571 0.069 0.086 10,951 21,523
Cyprus 0.047 0.059 7,201 0.047 0.059 7,460 14,660
Czech Republic 0.386 0.483 59,139 0.386 0.483 61,264 120,403
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea 0.006 0.008 919 0.006 0.008 952 1,872
Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Denmark 0.675 0.844 103,416 0.675 0.844 107,133 210,549
Djibouti 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Dominica 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Dominican Republic 0.045 0.056 6,894 0.045 0.056 7,142 14,037
Ecuador 0.044 0.055 6,741 0.044 0.055 6,983 13,725
Egypt 0.134 0.168 20,530 0.134 0.168 21,268 41,798
El Salvador 0.016 0.020 2,451 0.016 0.020 2,539 4,991
Equatorial Guinea 0.010 0.010 1,225 0.010 0.010 1,269 2,495
Eritrea 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Estonia 0.040 0.050 6,128 0.040 0.050 6,349 12,477
Ethiopia 0.010 0.010 1,225 0.010 0.010 1,269 2,495
European Union 2.500 306,340 2.500 317,349 623,690
Fiji 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Finland 0.519 0.649 79,516 0.519 0.649 82,373 161,889
France 5.593 6.993 856,900 5.593 6.993 887,695 1,744,595
Gabon 0.020 0.025 3,064 0.020 0.025 3,174 6,238
Gambia 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Georgia 0.007 0.009 1,072 0.007 0.009 1,111 2,183
Germany 7.141 8.929 1,094,069 7.141 8.929 1,133,387 2,227,455
Ghana 0.014 0.018 2,145 0.014 0.018 2,222 4,367
Greece 0.638 0.798 97,748 0.638 0.798 101,260 199,008
Grenada 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Guatemala 0.027 0.034 4,137 0.027 0.034 4,285 8,422
Guinea 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Guinea-Bissau 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Guyana 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Haiti 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Honduras 0.008 0.010 1,226 0.008 0.010 1,270 2,495
Hungary 0.266 0.333 40,754 0.266 0.333 42,218 82,972
Iceland 0.027 0.034 4,137 0.027 0.034 4,285 8,422
India 0.666 0.833 102,037 0.666 0.833 105,704 207,742
Indonesia 0.346 0.433 53,010 0.346 0.433 54,916 107,926
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.356 0.445 54,543 0.356 0.445 56,503 111,045
Iraq 0.068 0.085 10,418 0.068 0.085 10,793 21,211
Ireland 0.418 0.523 64,042 0.418 0.523 66,343 130,385
Israel 0.396 0.495 60,671 0.396 0.495 62,851 123,522
Italy 4.448 5.561 681,476 4.448 5.561 705,966 1,387,442
Jamaica 0.011 0.014 1,685 0.011 0.014 1,746 3,431
Japan 10.833 13.545 1,659,718 10.833 13.545 1,719,364 3,379,082
Jordan 0.022 0.028 3,371 0.022 0.028 3,492 6,862
Kazakhstan 0.121 0.151 18,538 0.121 0.151 19,205 37,743
Kenya 0.013 0.016 1,992 0.013 0.016 2,063 4,055
Kiribati 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Kuwait 0.273 0.341 41,826 0.273 0.341 43,329 85,155
Kyrgyzstan 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Latvia 0.047 0.059 7,201 0.047 0.059 7,460 14,660
Lebanon 0.042 0.053 6,435 0.042 0.053 6,666 13,101
Lesotho 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Liberia 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Libya 0.142 0.178 21,756 0.142 0.178 22,538 44,293
Liechtenstein 0.009 0.011 1,379 0.009 0.011 1,428 2,807
Lithuania 0.073 0.091 11,184 0.073 0.091 11,586 22,771
Luxembourg 0.081 0.101 12,410 0.081 0.101 12,856 25,266
Madagascar 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Malawi 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Malaysia 0.281 0.351 43,052 0.281 0.351 44,599 87,651
Maldives 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Mali 0.004 0.005 613 0.004 0.005 635 1,248
Malta 0.016 0.020 2,451 0.016 0.020 2,539 4,991
Marshall Islands 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Mauritania 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Mauritius 0.013 0.016 1,992 0.013 0.016 2,063 4,055
Mexico 1.842 2.303 282,212 1.842 2.303 292,354 574,566
Micronesia (Federated States of ) 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Monaco 0.012 0.015 1,839 0.012 0.015 1,905 3,743
Mongolia 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Montenegro 0.005 0.006 766 0.005 0.006 794 1,560
Morocco 0.062 0.078 9,499 0.062 0.078 9,840 19,339
Mozambique 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Myanmar 0.010 0.010 1,225 0.010 0.010 1,269 2,495
Namibia 0.010 0.013 1,532 0.010 0.013 1,587 3,119
Nauru 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Nepal 0.006 0.008 919 0.006 0.008 952 1,872
Netherlands 1.654 2.068 253,408 1.654 2.068 262,515 515,924
New Zealand 0.253 0.316 38,762 0.253 0.316 40,155 78,917
Nicaragua 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Niger 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Nigeria 0.090 0.113 13,789 0.090 0.113 14,284 28,073
Niue 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Norway 0.851 1.064 130,381 0.851 1.064 135,067 265,448
Oman 0.102 0.128 15,627 0.102 0.128 16,189 31,816
Pakistan 0.085 0.106 13,023 0.085 0.106 13,491 26,514
Palau 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Panama 0.026 0.033 3,983 0.026 0.033 4,127 8,110
Papua New Guinea 0.004 0.005 613 0.004 0.005 635 1,248
Paraguay 0.010 0.013 1,532 0.010 0.013 1,587 3,119
Peru 0.117 0.146 17,926 0.117 0.146 18,570 36,495
Philippines 0.154 0.193 23,594 0.154 0.193 24,442 48,036
Poland 0.921 1.152 141,106 0.921 1.152 146,177 287,283
Portugal 0.474 0.593 72,621 0.474 0.593 75,231 147,852
Qatar 0.209 0.261 32,021 0.209 0.261 33,172 65,192
Republic of Korea 1.994 2.493 305,500 1.994 2.493 316,478 621,978
Republic of Moldova 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Romania 0.226 0.283 34,625 0.226 0.283 35,870 70,495
Russian Federation 2.438 3.048 373,525 2.438 3.048 386,948 760,473
Rwanda 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Saint Lucia 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Samoa 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
San Marino 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Sao Tome and Principe 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Saudi Arabia 0.864 1.080 132,373 0.864 1.080 137,130 269,503
Senegal 0.006 0.008 919 0.006 0.008 952 1,872
Serbia 0.040 0.050 6,128 0.040 0.050 6,349 12,477
Seychelles 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Sierra Leone 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Singapore 0.384 0.480 58,832 0.384 0.480 60,947 119,779
Slovakia 0.171 0.214 26,199 0.171 0.214 27,140 53,339
Slovenia 0.100 0.125 15,321 0.100 0.125 15,872 31,192
Solomon Islands 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Somalia 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
South Africa 0.372 0.465 56,994 0.372 0.465 59,042 116,036
South Sudan 0.004 0.005 613 0.004 0.005 635 1,248
Spain 2.973 3.717 455,492 2.973 3.717 471,861 927,352
Sri Lanka 0.025 0.031 3,830 0.025 0.031 3,968 7,798
Sudan 0.010 0.010 1,225 0.010 0.010 1,269 2,495
Suriname 0.004 0.005 613 0.004 0.005 635 1,248
Swaziland 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Sweden 0.960 1.200 147,081 0.960 1.200 152,367 299,448
Switzerland 1.047 1.309 160,410 1.047 1.309 166,175 326,585
Syrian Arab Republic 0.036 0.045 5,516 0.036 0.045 5,714 11,229
Tajikistan 0.003 0.004 460 0.003 0.004 476 936
Thailand 0.239 0.299 36,617 0.239 0.299 37,933 74,550
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0.008 0.010 1,226 0.008 0.010 1,270 2,495
Timor-Leste 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
Togo 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Tonga 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Trinidad and Tobago 0.044 0.055 6,741 0.044 0.055 6,983 13,725
Tunisia 0.036 0.045 5,516 0.036 0.045 5,714 11,229
Turkey 1.328 1.660 203,462 1.328 1.660 210,774 414,236
Turkmenistan 0.019 0.024 2,911 0.019 0.024 3,016 5,927
Tuvalu 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Uganda 0.006 0.008 919 0.006 0.008 952 1,872
Ukraine 0.099 0.124 15,168 0.099 0.124 15,713 30,881
United Arab Emirates 0.595 0.744 91,160 0.595 0.744 94,436 185,595
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 5.179 6.475 793,472 5.179 6.475 821,987 1,615,459
United Republic of Tanzania 0.009 0.010 1,225 0.009 0.010 1,269 2,495
Uruguay 0.052 0.065 7,967 0.052 0.065 8,253 16,220
Uzbekistan 0.015 0.019 2,298 0.015 0.019 2,381 4,679
Vanuatu 0.001 0.001 153 0.001 0.001 159 312
Venezuela 0.627 0.784 96,062 0.627 0.784 99,515 195,577
Viet Nam 0.042 0.053 6,435 0.042 0.053 6,666 13,101
Yemen 0.010 0.010 1,225 0.010 0.010 1,269 2,495
Zambia 0.006 0.008 919 0.006 0.008 952 1,872
Zimbabwe 0.002 0.003 306 0.002 0.003 317 624
TOTAL 77.995 100.000 12,253,609 77.995 100.000 12,693,973 24,947,582
XII/31XII/33

166The report on the audit of Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity by the Office of Internal Oversight Services was issued as UNEP/CBD/COP/12/INF/49.
167The "BYP" Trust Fund designation used in the present document is subject to change by the Trustee and is used here purely for the convenience of delegations attending the meeting.
168Decisions XII/27, BS-VII/9 and NP-I/12.
169Ibid.

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