Biodiversity for Sustainable Development


Contributions of Biodiversity to SDG 1: No Poverty

Biodiversity and healthy ecosystems provide the essential resources and ecosystem services that directly support a range of economic activities, such as agriculture, forestry, fisheries and tourism. Subsistence and small-scale agriculture and fisheries provide livelihoods for many of the world’s rural poor.

Ecosystem services and other non-marketed goods are estimated to make up between 50% and 90% of the total source of livelihoods among poor rural and forest-dwelling households – the so-called ‘GDP of the poor’.

The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, including through sustainable agriculture based on ecosystem approaches, along with the restoration and safeguarding of ecosystems and the valuable services they provide, can help to prevent men and women from falling into poverty and can help to lift them out of it by increasing their income and reducing their vulnerability to external economic shocks or environmental disasters.

Related SDG 1 Targets

  • SDG Target 1.4: By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance (related to Aichi Targets: 2, 6, 7)
  • SDG Target 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate- related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters. Note that SDG Target 15.9 explicitly calls for integration of ecosystems and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes and poverty reduction strategies and accounts by 2020. (related Aichi Targets: 2, 6, 7, 14)

Relevant Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Biodiversity values integrated
Sustainable management of aquatic living sources
Sustainable agriculture aquaculture and forestry
Ecosystem services

Related Resources