Biodiversity for Sustainable Development

SDG 10

Contributions of biodiversity to SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities

Larger income inequality within countries is known to have correlation with greater biodiversity loss, although further analyses are necessary to identify the causality. Socio-political aspects of inequality, including gender and ethnicity, are also inextricably linked with the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. This is because indigenous peoples and local communities and women are important custodians of biodiversity and related traditional knowledge, although they are often marginalized and disadvantaged.

Recognizing rights to sustainable management of natural resources, enhancing values of biodiversity and related knowledge, and building an environment for equitable benefit-sharing has the potential to improve socioeconomic and political inequality among social groups.

Related SDG 10 Targets

  • SDG Target 10.1: By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40% of the population at a rate higher than the national average (relevant Aichi Targets: 8, 15, 18, 20)
  • SDG Target 10.2: By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic, and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status (relevant Aichi Targets: 8, 15, 18, 20)

Relevant Aichi Biodiversity Targets
Pollution reduced
Ecosystem restoration and resilience
Traditional knowledge
Mobilizing resources form all sources

Related Resources