Ecosystem Approach

Introduction

The ecosystem approach is a strategy for the integrated management of land, water and living resources that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable way. Application of the ecosystem approach will help to reach a balance of the three objectives of the Convention. It is based on the application of appropriate scientific methodologies focused on levels of biological organization which encompass the essential processes, functions and interactions among organisms and their environment. It recognizes that humans, with their cultural diversity, are an integral component of ecosystems.

"Ecosystem" means a dynamic complex of plant, animal and micro-organism communities and their non-living environment interacting as a functional unit". (Article 2 of the Convention)

As described by the Conference of the Parties, the ecosystem approach is the primary framework for action under the Convention. The Conference of the Parties, at its Fifth Meeting, endorsed the description of the ecosystem approach and operational guidance and recommended the application of the principles and other guidance on the Ecosystem Approach (decision V/6). The seventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties agreed that the priority at this time should be on facilitating implementation of the ecosystem approach and welcomed additional guidelines to this effect (decision VII/11).

What's New

24 August 2020
Statement by Elizabeth Maruma Mrema, Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, at the opening of the Virtual Expert Forum on SEEA Experimental Ecosystem Accounting 2020, 24-25 August 2020. More »

Notifications

23 June 2020 (2020-044)
Opportunities to provide inputs to the work of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. More »