Ecosystem Approach

Ecosystem Approach Sourcebook - Case-Study Details

1. Project Details
Author or Responsible Organization APN - Administración de Parques Nacionales, Argentina
Project Title Mburucuya National Park and sustainable community development
Date of Publication
Project Status Completed
Project Start Date
Project End Date
Countries Argentina
Funding Source
2. Background to Project
Project Issue/Problem Statement Mburucuya is a department in the province of Corrientes, in the northeast wetland region of the Republic of Argentina. The Mburucuya National Park and the areas surrounding it contain important cultural and natural resources. Natural resources in the area are threatened by unsustainable agricultural practices, such as the use of herbicides which contaminate water supplies and poison native fauna and flora, and the loss or destruction of habitat. Local communities in the areas surrounding the Mburucuya National Park have been experiencing reduced quality of life and well-being, as evidenced by an increase in child mortality due to malnutrition, and an increase in migration away from the area toward urban centers offering better employment opportunities.
Project Description The project sought to create basic conditions for conservation, while at the same time fostering capacities for economic development among the population and environment of the Mburucuya National Park. The projects objectives were; - To expand the capacity of local communities to carry out cultural and natural heritage assessment, and strengthening the criteria used for planning resource use and maintenance - To work in a coordinated way with local communities in planning the social and economic development of these communities, in order to improve their quality of life, and minimise negative impacts on the environment - To promote changes in social and environmental relationships towards a more rational, profitable and sustainable use of these resources - To encourage different activities that promote the understandin and cultivation of local history, and in this way strengthen ties with local identity - To create interactive links between neighbouring communities and the Mburuciya National Park, in order to achieve better protection for the area, and sustainable social and rural development in the areas surrounding the park - To develop a training and capacity-building programme based on the interests, expectations, knowledge, and abilities of the various local communities
Highlighted Aspects of Ecosystem Approach The case study simultaneously addressed conservation, sustainable use, social development and economic development. The social and economic well being of the area depends significantly on the environmental condition of the area, including the National Park itself. The work was carried out in collaboration with a wide range of local organisations, including those concerned with tourism, education and culture and technological training.
3. Sectors and Biomes
Sectors Agriculture
Biomes Agricultural Biodiversity
Forest Biodiversity
Inland Waters Biodiversity
4. Tools and Approaches
Tools and Approaches   Relevance
Public Participation 3-High
- Workshop based methods 3-High
- Community based methods 3-High
- Methods for stakeholder consultation 3-High
- Local community approaches 3-High
- Social analysis 2-Medium
- Conflict management methods 2-Medium
Education and Awareness 3-High
- Communication 2-Medium
- Education 3-High
- Networks 3-High
- Moral confrontation 1-Low
Management and Incentives 2-Medium
- Practical skills 2-Medium
- Conservation enterprises/Diversification 3-High
Data, Monitoring and Modelling 2-Medium
- Data collection 1-Low
- Monitoring methods 2-Medium
Protected Areas and Land Use Policy 3-High
- Protected/managed areas 3-High
- Land use policy 3-High
- Managed/protected species 3-High
- Restoration 2-Medium
- Ex-situ protection 1-Low
Cross-sectoral Research and Working 2-Medium
5. Issues
Issues   Relevance
Economics, Trade and Incentive Measures 2-Medium
Ecosystem Approach 3-High
Identification, Monitoring and Indicators 2-Medium
Pollution 2-Medium
Protected Areas / In-Situ Conservation 3-High
Public Participation 3-High
Scientific Assessment 2-Medium
Sustainable Use of Biodiversity 3-High
Tourism and Biodiversity 3-High
Traditional Knowledge, Innovations and Practices - Article 8(j) 2-Medium
6. Ecosystem Approach
Principles and Operational Guidance   Relevance
(Only if NOT relevant)
Principle 1: The objectives of management of land, water and living resources are a matter of societal choices 3-High
Principle 2: Management should be decentralized to the lowest appropriate level 3-High
Principle 3: Ecosystem managers should consider the effects (actual or potential) of their activities on adjacent and other ecosystems 2-Medium
Principle 4: Recognizing potential gains from management, there is usually a need to understand and manage the ecosystem in an economic context 3-High
Principle 5: Conservation of ecosystem structure and functioning, in order to maintain ecosystem services, should be a priority target of the ecosystem approach 3-High
Principle 6: Ecosystem must be managed within the limits of their functioning 3-High
Principle 7: The ecosystem approach should be undertaken at the appropriate spatial and temporal scales 2-Medium
Principle 8: Recognizing the varying temporal scales and lag-effects that characterize ecosystem processes, objectives for ecosystem management should be set for the long term 2-Medium
Principle 9: Management must recognize the change is inevitable 2-Medium
Principle 10: The ecosystem approach should seek the appropriate balance between, and integration of, conservation and use of biological diversity 3-High
Principle 11: The ecosystem approach should consider all forms of relevant information, including scientific and indigenous and local knowledge, innovations and practices 3-High
Principle 12: The ecosystem approach should involve all relevant sectors of society and scientific disciplines 3-High
Operational Guidance A: Focus on the relationships and processes within ecosystem 2-Medium
Operational Guidance B: Enhance benefit-sharing 2-Medium
Operational Guidance C: Use adaptive management practices 3-High
Operational Guidance D: Carry out management actions at the scale appropriate for the issue being addressed, with decentralization to lowest level, as appropriate 3-High
Operational Guidance E: Ensure intersectoral cooperation 3-High
7. Lessons Learned and the Outcomes
Lessons Learned
Other Information
8. References
9. Contact Details
Contact Person Mr Alistair Taylor
Job Title Consultant
Organization Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC)
Address Monkstone House, City Road, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire
City Cambridge
Telephone +44 7867 794214
E-mail Address