Costa Rica

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Status on Key Actions

PoWPA Key Action Implementation Progress Global Average
1.1: To establish and strengthen national and regional systems of protected areas integrated into a global network as a contribution to globally agreed goals 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
1.2: To integrate protected areas into broader land- and seascapes and sectors so as to maintain ecological structure and function 2 - Activity fully underway 1
1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary protected areas (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring protected areas across national boundaries 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
1.4: To substantially improve site-based protected area planning and management 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
1.5: To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
2.1: To promote equity and benefit-sharing 2 - Activity fully underway 1
2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders 2 - Activity fully underway 2
2.1: Progress in assessing protected area governance 2 - Activity fully underway 1
3.1: To provide an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for protected areas 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
3.1: Progress in assessing the contribution of protected areas to local and national economies 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
3.2: To build capacity for the planning, establishment and management of protected areas 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
3.3: To develop, apply and transfer appropriate technologies for protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
3.4: To ensure financial sustainability of protected areas and national and regional systems of protected areas 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
3.5: To strengthen communication, education and public awareness 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
4.1: To develop and adopt minimum standards and best practices for national and regional protected area systems 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
4.2: To evaluate and improve the effectiveness of protected areas management 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
4.3: To assess and monitor protected area status and trends 2 - Activity fully underway 1
4.4: To ensure that scientific knowledge contributes to the establishment and effectiveness of protected areas and protected area systems 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
Progress in incorporating climate change aspects into protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
Progress in marine protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1

Priority Actions

2012 - 2020

Monitor management effectiveness
2012 - 2017 $10,922,000
2015 $275,000 SINAC updates and formalizes 11 management plans for the terrestrial protected areas recently created or expanded
2015 $558,000 SINAC updates and formalizes 12 management plans for marine protected areas recently created or expanded
2014 $600,000 SINAC updates and formalizes 24 management plans for existing terrestrial protected areas to 2009
2014 $418,500 SINAC updates and formalizes 9 management plans for existing MPAs to 2009
2015 $313,000 SINAC creates the needed institutional capacity for monitoring management effectiveness in both TPAs and MPAs and applies the improved and updated tool in 75% of existing protected wildlife areas to 2009
2015 $2,000,000 SINAC increases management effectiveness to acceptable or higher levels in at least 43 existing TPAs to 2009 to maintain representativeness levels and enhance ecological integrity of protected biodiversity.
2015 $1,675,000 SINAC increases management effectiveness to acceptable or higher levels in at least 14 existing MPAs to 2009 to maintain representativeness levels and enhance ecological integrity of protected biodiversity.
2015 $220,000 SINAC develops and formalizes 22 control and monitoring plans for newly created or expanded protected wildlife areas.
2015 $100,000 SINAC develops and formalizes control and monitoring plans for 7 Ramsar sites.
2015 $4,700,000 SINAC strengthens its ability to monitor and control marine and coastal areas and effectively implements monitoring and control plans in 11 MPAs
2013 Keep a national wetlands inventory
2014 $62,500 Update the National Research Strategy for Protected Areas.
Consolidation of land corridors
2012 - 2020 $2,250,000
2013 $25,000 Evaluation of Strategic Plan 2011-2014 corridors
2014 $100,000 Strategic Plan Update 2015-2020 corridors and development of its Action Plan
2020 $2,125,000 Implement action plan at least 17 officially recognized biological corridors.
Gap analysis - terrestrial, marine and costal waters
2012 - 2010 Complete gap analysis
Improve representantiveness and ecological integrity of coastal and marine biodiversity by creating / expanding new marine protected areas
2012 - 2020 $809,000
2014 $689,000 Create 11 new marine protected areas (MPA) under special management category, including more participatory management categories such as Marine Reserves and Marine Areas Management
2012 COMPLETED: Consolidate as a MPA, 100% of the surface of the World Heritage Site Cocos Island National Park - an oceanic site of global importance for its uniqueness.
2015 $120,000 Landmark the terrestrial side of 11 new MPAs
Increase ecological representativeness in terrestrial systems
2012 - 2015 $512,000
2015 $93,000 Create or expand 2 new terrestrial protected areas under the category of National Parks and Biological Reserves
2015 $419,000 Create or expand 9 new terrestrial protected areas under the category of Wildlife Refuge (state, mixed and private), forest reserves or protected zones.
Identify and implement effective governance mechanisms
2012 - 2020 $258,000
2015 $8,000 Revise and expand the legal framework for community governance schemes and collaborative PA management.
2020 $50,000 Design and implement governance tools and mechanisms with full participation of communities associated with protected wildlife areas
2020 $200,000 Elaborate local management conservation strategy for 7 RAMSAR sites and implement it in two pilot areas.
Update and implement the financial strategy
2012 - 2020 $380,000
2013 $40,000 Review and update financial strategy
2014 $10,000 Elaborate action plan for financial strategy
2020 $280,000 Elaborate business plans for 14 protected areas
2015 $50,000 Elaborate a financial strategy for the consolidation of the national heritage of the State within protected areas (National Parks and Biological Reserves)
Integrate protected areas management into broader sectors
2012 - 2020 $435,000
2020 $40,000 Design a national protocol for marine spatial planning
2014 $225,000 Define a marine spatial planning for Gulf of Nicoya and Golfo Dulce.
2019 $70,000 Define criteria and methodologies to incorporate protected wildlife areas into regulation plans and other instruments.
2019 $100,000 Raise awareness and train local governments and other key stakeholders on PA management to incorporate them into regulation plans and other instruments
Develop and implement adaptation and mitigation strategy to integrate climate change into protected areas
2012 - 2014 $1,010,500
2012 $19,500 Costa Rica identifies the impacts on biodiversity and the expected ecosystem services and most vulnerable ecosystems to climate change and extreme weather events, in relation to the terrestrial protected area system in the country.
2013 $120,000 Costa Rica identifies the adaptive capacity of ecosystems vulnerable to climate and extreme weather events, along with potentially feasible mitigation measures in relation to terrestrial protected area system in the country.
2014 $500,000 Incorporate elements of climate change adaptation and mitigation into the development and update processes of management plans
2012 $70,000 Costa Rica develops and implements a capacity development plan related to climate change, its affect on vulnerable ecosystems, adaptive and feasible mitigation measures.
2013 $23,000 Costa Rica has a strategy and an action plan in place for PA adaptation to climate change impacts on biodiversity and expected ecosystem services and to extreme weather events.
2014 $278,000 Costa Rica implements the PROMEC-CR and incorporates monitoring and periodic evaluation of a) the potential climate change impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services, b) adaptation activities and c) mitigation activities.

GEF Projects

Costa Rica is a member of a constituency comprised of the following 8 countries : Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, and Venezuela
Name Focus Approved On Completed On Status Grant Cofinance
A Participatory Approach to Managing the Environment: An Input to the Inter-American Strategy for Participation (ISP) Multi Focal Area 1997-08-01 2000-06-30 Project Closure 720,000 USD 840,000 USD
Support to GEF Eligible Parties for Alignment of National Action Programs and Reporting Process under UNCCD Land Degradation 2012-06-07 CEO Endorsed 2,830,000 USD 2,750,000 USD
Testing a Prototype Caribbean Regional Fund for Wastewater Management (CReW) International Waters 2008-11-13 CEO Endorsed 20,380,000 USD 251,500,000 USD
Building Partnerships to Assist Developing Countries to Reduce the Transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms in Ships' Ballast Water (GloBallast Partnerships) International Waters 2007-06-14 Under Implementation 6,387,840 USD 17,701,939 USD
Central American Markets for Biodiversity (CAMBio): Mainstreaming Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable use within Micro, Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Development and Financing Biodiversity 2005-04-06 Under Implementation 10,225,000 USD 17,750,000 USD
Regional Programme on Electrical Energy Efficiency in Industrial and Commercial Service Sectors in Central America Climate Change 2005-04-06 IA Approved 2,530,000 USD 7,065,000 USD
Development of a Strategic Market Intervention Approach for Grid-Connected Solar Energy Technologies (EMPower) Climate Change 2003-11-14 2010-07-01 Project Closure 1,000,000 USD 986,000 USD
EcoEnterprises Fund Biodiversity 2002-04-19 2010-01-14 Project Completion 1,000,000 USD 9,000,000 USD
Accelerating Renewable Energy Investments through CABEI in Central America Climate Change 2004-11-19 IA Approved 7,020,000 USD 82,670,000 USD
Reducing Pesticide Run-off to the Caribbean Sea International Waters 2002-05-17 2011-06-01 Under Implementation 4,585,000 USD 5,752,000 USD
Integrated Ecosystem Management in Indigenous Communities Biodiversity 2004-05-21 2011-06-12 Under Implementation 9,700,000 USD 39,885,000 USD
Integrated Silvo-Pastoral Approaches to Ecosystem Management Multi Focal Area 2001-05-11 2008-01-31 Project Closure 4,770,000 USD 3,900,000 USD
Harnessing Multi-Stakeholder Mechanisms to Promote Global Environmental Priorities Biodiversity 1999-02-15 CEO Approved 750,000 USD 0
Reduction of Environmental Impact from Tropical Shrimp Trawling through Introduction of By-catch Technologies and Change of Management International Waters 2000-11-01 IA Approved 4,780,000 USD 4,440,000 USD
Country Case Studies on Sources and Sinks of Greenhouse Gases Climate Change 1991-12-01 1995-03-01 Project Closure 4,700,000 USD 1,716,975 USD
Conservation, Sustainable Use of Biodiversity, and Maintenance of Ecosystem Services of Internationally Important Protected Wetlands Biodiversity 2012-06-07 Council Approved 3,817,973 USD 17,188,318 USD
Improved Management and Conservation Practices for the Cocos Island Marine Conservation Area Biodiversity 2003-04-28 2009-12-31 Project Completion 1,000,000 USD 2,174,553 USD
Enabling activities for the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs): National Implementation Plan for Costa Rica POPs 2004-12-10 2006-12-31 Project Closure 451,000 USD 25,000 USD
Ecomarkets Biodiversity 1999-12-01 2006-09-30 Project Closure 8,330,000 USD 51,900,000 USD
National Off-grid Electrification Programme Based on Renewable Energy Sources, Phase I Climate Change 2002-10-15 2010-07-31 Project Completion 1,147,154 USD 906,779 USD
Building National Capacity to Develop Policy Options for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reductions and Sink Enhancmanents Climate Change 1995-05-01 IA Approved 470,000 USD 0
Tejona Wind Power Climate Change 1992-12-01 2002-12-31 Project Closure 3,300,000 USD 28,000,000 USD
IADB PPG 2009-11-12 3,275,000 USD 8,813,000 USD
Central American Fund for Environment and Development: Account for the Global Environment (FOCADES) Biodiversity 1996-10-01 Cancelled 15,000,000 USD 13,000,000 USD
Strengthening the Implementation of Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit-Sharing Regimes in Latin America and the Caribbean Biodiversity 2009-04-07 CEO Approved 850,000 USD 600,000 USD
4th Operational Phase of the GEF Small Grants Programme (RAF2) Multi Focal Area 2009-04-21 CEO Endorsed 42,714,904 USD 43,000,000 USD
4th Operational Phase of the GEF Small Grants Programme (RAF1) Multi Focal Area 2007-06-14 Project Completion 13,647,498 USD 0
Latin America: Multi-country Capacity-building for Compliance with the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety Biodiversity 2006-08-01 2011-06-30 Under Implementation 5,260,000 USD 10,745,200 USD
Sustainable Environmental Management for Sixaola River Basin Multi Focal Area 2006-08-01 Under Implementation 4,000,000 USD 15,875,000 USD
Renewable Energy Enterprise Development - Seed Capital Access Facility Climate Change 2005-06-08 Under Implementation 8,700,000 USD 40,500,000 USD
Regional Program of Action and Demonstration of Sustainable Alternatives to DDT for Malaria Vector Control in Mexico and Central America International Waters 2002-05-17 2010-12-01 Project Closure 7,495,000 USD 6,410,400 USD
Sustainable Management of the Shared Marine Resources of the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem (CLME) and Adjacent Regions International Waters 2007-11-16 Under Implementation 7,798,836 USD 48,300,000 USD
Formulation of a Strategic Action Program for the Integrated Management of Water Resources and the Sustainable Development of the San Juan River Basin and its Coastal Zone International Waters 2000-05-01 2005-12-31 Project Closure 3,929,820 USD 1,435,000 USD
Global Environmental Citizenship (GEC) Multi Focal Area 1998-03-30 2008-12-31 Project Completion 3,212,000 USD 3,165,000 USD
Capacity building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change (Central America, Mexico and Cuba) Climate Change 2001-12-07 2007-12-31 Project Completion 3,314,685 USD 1,585,600 USD
Demonstrations of Innovative Approaches to the Rehabilitation of Heavily Contaminated Bays in the Wider Caribbean International Waters 1999-05-07 2011-12-30 Project Completion 9,410,000 USD 25,860,000 USD
Establishment of a Programme for the Consolidation of the Meso-American Biological Corridor Biodiversity 1997-11-01 2007-06-30 Project Completion 10,940,000 USD 12,766,000 USD
Biodiversity Data Management Capacitation in Developing Countries and Networking Biodiversity Information Biodiversity 1994-06-01 1999-03-30 Project Closure 4,000,000 USD 1,390,000 USD
Creation and Strengthening of the Capacity for Sustainable Renewable Energy Development in Central America Climate Change 1999-10-27 2002-07-30 Project Completion 750,000 USD 796,430 USD
Integrated PCB Management in Costa Rica POPs 2011-11-09 Council Approved 2,000,000 USD 7,740,000 USD
Sustainable Management of Ecosystem Services: A model for Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in Terrestrial Landscapes Biodiversity 2012-06-07 Council Approved 3,637,114 USD 15,500,000 USD
Fifth Operational Phase of the GEF Small Grants Programme Multi Focal Area 2011-03-29 CEO Endorsed 4,398,148 USD 4,625,000 USD
National Biodiversity Planning to Support the Implementation of the CBD 2011-2020 Strategic Plan Biodiversity 2012-02-17 IA Approved 220,000 USD 231,520 USD
Mainstreaming Market-based Instruments for Environmental Management Project Biodiversity 2006-03-31 Under Implementation 10,000,000 USD 80,303,500 USD
National Capacity Self-Assessment (NCSA) for Global Environment Management Multi Focal Area 2003-11-03 2009-12-20 Project Completion 200,000 USD 20,000 USD
Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Climate Change 2002-09-03 IA Approved 350,000 USD 135,000 USD
Conservation of Biodiversity in the Talamanca-Caribbean Biological Corridor Biodiversity 1999-09-13 2003-05-31 Project Closure 749,999 USD 519,931 USD
Biodiversity Conservation in Cacao Agro-forestry Biodiversity 2001-02-01 2004-02-28 Project Closure 750,000 USD 2,293,000 USD
Conservation of Biodiversity and Sustainable Development in La Amistad and Osa Conservation Areas Biodiversity 1991-12-01 1998-07-30 Project Completion 8,000,000 USD 0
National Biodiversity Strategic Action Plan, Report to the COP of CBD Biodiversity 1996-08-21 IA Approved 195,700 USD 80,000 USD
Biodiversity Resources Development Biodiversity 1997-03-01 2005-12-31 Project Closure 7,283,000 USD 13,000,000 USD

LifeWeb Projects

Name Submitted Status Funding Needed Funding Secured
Forever Costa Rica 22 02 2010 Fully Funded fully funded ($50,000,000 USD) $52,705,000.00
Increase of mangrove protected area and strengthening of management skills 31 12 2009 Not Funded $685,525 USD $0.00
Improving ecological integrity of coastal and marine biodiversity in MPAs as adaptation measures for climate change 30 12 2009 Not Funded $706,300 USD $0.00

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme