Costa Rica

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Status on Key Actions


PoWPA Key Action Implementation Progress Global Average
1.1: To establish and strengthen national and regional systems of protected areas integrated into a global network as a contribution to globally agreed goals 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
1.2: To integrate protected areas into broader land- and seascapes and sectors so as to maintain ecological structure and function 2 - Activity fully underway 1
1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary protected areas (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring protected areas across national boundaries 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
1.4: To substantially improve site-based protected area planning and management 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
1.5: To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
2.1: To promote equity and benefit-sharing 2 - Activity fully underway 1
2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders 2 - Activity fully underway 2
2.1: Progress in assessing protected area governance 2 - Activity fully underway 1
3.1: To provide an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for protected areas 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
3.1: Progress in assessing the contribution of protected areas to local and national economies 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
3.2: To build capacity for the planning, establishment and management of protected areas 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
3.3: To develop, apply and transfer appropriate technologies for protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
3.4: To ensure financial sustainability of protected areas and national and regional systems of protected areas 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
3.5: To strengthen communication, education and public awareness 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
4.1: To develop and adopt minimum standards and best practices for national and regional protected area systems 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
4.2: To evaluate and improve the effectiveness of protected areas management 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
4.3: To assess and monitor protected area status and trends 2 - Activity fully underway 1
4.4: To ensure that scientific knowledge contributes to the establishment and effectiveness of protected areas and protected area systems 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
Progress in incorporating climate change aspects into protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
Progress in marine protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1

Priority Actions

countries
1
actions
9
steps
38
timeframe
2012 - 2020
cost
$16,576,500

Increase ecological representativeness in terrestrial systems
2012 - 2015 $512,000
2015 $93,000 Create or expand 2 new terrestrial protected areas under the category of National Parks and Biological Reserves
2015 $419,000 Create or expand 9 new terrestrial protected areas under the category of Wildlife Refuge (state, mixed and private), forest reserves or protected zones.
Improve representantiveness and ecological integrity of coastal and marine biodiversity by creating / expanding new marine protected areas
2012 - 2020 $809,000
2014 $689,000 Create 11 new marine protected areas (MPA) under special management category, including more participatory management categories such as Marine Reserves and Marine Areas Management
2012 COMPLETED: Consolidate as a MPA, 100% of the surface of the World Heritage Site Cocos Island National Park - an oceanic site of global importance for its uniqueness.
2015 $120,000 Landmark the terrestrial side of 11 new MPAs
Gap analysis - terrestrial, marine and costal waters
2010
2012 - 2010 Complete gap analysis
Consolidation of land corridors
2012 - 2020 $2,250,000
2013 $25,000 Evaluation of Strategic Plan 2011-2014 corridors
2014 $100,000 Strategic Plan Update 2015-2020 corridors and development of its Action Plan
2020 $2,125,000 Implement action plan at least 17 officially recognized biological corridors.
Monitor management effectiveness
2012 - 2017 $10,922,000
2015 $275,000 SINAC updates and formalizes 11 management plans for the terrestrial protected areas recently created or expanded
2015 $558,000 SINAC updates and formalizes 12 management plans for marine protected areas recently created or expanded
2014 $600,000 SINAC updates and formalizes 24 management plans for existing terrestrial protected areas to 2009
2014 $418,500 SINAC updates and formalizes 9 management plans for existing MPAs to 2009
2015 $313,000 SINAC creates the needed institutional capacity for monitoring management effectiveness in both TPAs and MPAs and applies the improved and updated tool in 75% of existing protected wildlife areas to 2009
2015 $2,000,000 SINAC increases management effectiveness to acceptable or higher levels in at least 43 existing TPAs to 2009 to maintain representativeness levels and enhance ecological integrity of protected biodiversity.
2015 $1,675,000 SINAC increases management effectiveness to acceptable or higher levels in at least 14 existing MPAs to 2009 to maintain representativeness levels and enhance ecological integrity of protected biodiversity.
2015 $220,000 SINAC develops and formalizes 22 control and monitoring plans for newly created or expanded protected wildlife areas.
2015 $100,000 SINAC develops and formalizes control and monitoring plans for 7 Ramsar sites.
2015 $4,700,000 SINAC strengthens its ability to monitor and control marine and coastal areas and effectively implements monitoring and control plans in 11 MPAs
2013 Keep a national wetlands inventory
2014 $62,500 Update the National Research Strategy for Protected Areas.
Identify and implement effective governance mechanisms
2012 - 2020 $258,000
2015 $8,000 Revise and expand the legal framework for community governance schemes and collaborative PA management.
2020 $50,000 Design and implement governance tools and mechanisms with full participation of communities associated with protected wildlife areas
2020 $200,000 Elaborate local management conservation strategy for 7 RAMSAR sites and implement it in two pilot areas.
Update and implement the financial strategy
2012 - 2020 $380,000
2013 $40,000 Review and update financial strategy
2014 $10,000 Elaborate action plan for financial strategy
2020 $280,000 Elaborate business plans for 14 protected areas
2015 $50,000 Elaborate a financial strategy for the consolidation of the national heritage of the State within protected areas (National Parks and Biological Reserves)
Integrate protected areas management into broader sectors
2012 - 2020 $435,000
2020 $40,000 Design a national protocol for marine spatial planning
2014 $225,000 Define a marine spatial planning for Gulf of Nicoya and Golfo Dulce.
2019 $70,000 Define criteria and methodologies to incorporate protected wildlife areas into regulation plans and other instruments.
2019 $100,000 Raise awareness and train local governments and other key stakeholders on PA management to incorporate them into regulation plans and other instruments
Develop and implement adaptation and mitigation strategy to integrate climate change into protected areas
2012 - 2014 $1,010,500
2012 $19,500 Costa Rica identifies the impacts on biodiversity and the expected ecosystem services and most vulnerable ecosystems to climate change and extreme weather events, in relation to the terrestrial protected area system in the country.
2013 $120,000 Costa Rica identifies the adaptive capacity of ecosystems vulnerable to climate and extreme weather events, along with potentially feasible mitigation measures in relation to terrestrial protected area system in the country.
2014 $500,000 Incorporate elements of climate change adaptation and mitigation into the development and update processes of management plans
2012 $70,000 Costa Rica develops and implements a capacity development plan related to climate change, its affect on vulnerable ecosystems, adaptive and feasible mitigation measures.
2013 $23,000 Costa Rica has a strategy and an action plan in place for PA adaptation to climate change impacts on biodiversity and expected ecosystem services and to extreme weather events.
2014 $278,000 Costa Rica implements the PROMEC-CR and incorporates monitoring and periodic evaluation of a) the potential climate change impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services, b) adaptation activities and c) mitigation activities.

LifeWeb Projects

Name Submitted Status Funding Needed Funding Secured
Forever Costa Rica 22 02 2010 Fully Funded fully funded ($50,000,000 USD) $52,705,000.00
Increase of mangrove protected area and strengthening of management skills 31 12 2009 Not Funded $685,525 USD $0.00
Improving ecological integrity of coastal and marine biodiversity in MPAs as adaptation measures for climate change 30 12 2009 Not Funded $706,300 USD $0.00

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme