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Status on Key Actions

PoWPA Key Action Implementation Progress Global Average
1.1: To establish and strengthen national and regional systems of protected areas integrated into a global network as a contribution to globally agreed goals 4 - Activity completed 2
1.2: To integrate protected areas into broader land- and seascapes and sectors so as to maintain ecological structure and function 1 - Just started, limited progress 1
1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary protected areas (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring protected areas across national boundaries 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
1.4: To substantially improve site-based protected area planning and management 4 - Activity completed 2
1.5: To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
2.1: To promote equity and benefit-sharing 2 - Activity fully underway 1
2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders 2 - Activity fully underway 2
2.1: Progress in assessing protected area governance 2 - Activity fully underway 1
3.1: To provide an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for protected areas 1 - Just started, limited progress 2
3.1: Progress in assessing the contribution of protected areas to local and national economies 1 - Just started, limited progress 1
3.2: To build capacity for the planning, establishment and management of protected areas 1 - Just started, limited progress 2
3.3: To develop, apply and transfer appropriate technologies for protected areas 1 - Just started, limited progress 1
3.4: To ensure financial sustainability of protected areas and national and regional systems of protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
3.5: To strengthen communication, education and public awareness 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
4.1: To develop and adopt minimum standards and best practices for national and regional protected area systems 0 - Not yet begun, no progress 1
4.2: To evaluate and improve the effectiveness of protected areas management 2 - Activity fully underway 1
4.3: To assess and monitor protected area status and trends 2 - Activity fully underway 1
4.4: To ensure that scientific knowledge contributes to the establishment and effectiveness of protected areas and protected area systems 2 - Activity fully underway 1
Progress in incorporating climate change aspects into protected areas 1 - Just started, limited progress 1

Priority Actions

2012 - 2015

Revise protected area management plans by 2015 to include climate change mitigation and adaptation and other key emerging issues.
2014 - 2015 $200,000
2014 $150,000 3.1) Interpret climate data to determine climate change and trends using available baseline data set for 1960-2010 5 and analyse climate change influences on present AEZ and ecosystems.
2015 $50,000 3.2) Prepare comprehensive protected area management plans, with a focus on harmonizing and promoting activities that respond to climate change and land degradation.
Expand the protected area network to 11.5% of the total land area and ensure that at least 10% of each major ecosystem/habitat is protected by 2020.
2014 - 2015 $1,000,000
2015 $100,000 1.1) Identify opportunities for Swaziland to strengthen participation in existing trans-boundary protected landscapes
2014 $600,000 1.2) Analyse land use change over past 15 years and update protected area, biodiversity and ecosystems data including land use, land cover, land degradation and forest inventory with special attention given to identify opportunities for new protected area
2014 $200,000 1.3) Develop protected area guidelines for applicable categories of protected areas
2014 $100,000 1.4) Identify and resolve key institutional and legal hurdles to prioritise the proclamation of new protected areas (Policy assessment)
Integrate protected area management into the wider landscape (biosphere) and other sectors
2014 - 2015 $2,350,000
2015 $300,000 2.1) Develop an appropriate Natural Resource Accounting system including valuation of protected areas, biodiversity and environmental services
2014 $500,000 2.2) Capacity building of stakeholders (private, communities, local authorities) in integrated landscape management (with conservation, ecotourism, enhancement of carbon stocks and sustainable land management)
2015 $350,000 2.3) Review and identify eco-tourism opportunities in the wider production landscape through community /private /public partnerships in areas such as the Lubombo region, building upon management plans proposed under the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
2014 $1,200,000 2.4) Develop or adapt sustainable land management best practices for testing in selected pilot areas in suitable and representative ecosystems / forestry types / production landscapes within a defined geographic context, e.g. watershed and administrative

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme