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Status on Key Actions

PoWPA Key Action Implementation Progress Global Average
1.1: To establish and strengthen national and regional systems of protected areas integrated into a global network as a contribution to globally agreed goals 4 - Activity completed 2
1.2: To integrate protected areas into broader land- and seascapes and sectors so as to maintain ecological structure and function 1 - Just started, limited progress 1
1.3: To establish and strengthen regional networks, transboundary protected areas (TBPAs) and collaboration between neighbouring protected areas across national boundaries 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 1
1.4: To substantially improve site-based protected area planning and management 4 - Activity completed 2
1.5: To prevent and mitigate the negative impacts of key threats to protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
2.1: To promote equity and benefit-sharing 2 - Activity fully underway 1
2.2: To enhance and secure involvement of indigenous and local communities and relevant stakeholders 2 - Activity fully underway 2
2.1: Progress in assessing protected area governance 2 - Activity fully underway 1
3.1: To provide an enabling policy, institutional and socio-economic environment for protected areas 1 - Just started, limited progress 2
3.1: Progress in assessing the contribution of protected areas to local and national economies 1 - Just started, limited progress 1
3.2: To build capacity for the planning, establishment and management of protected areas 1 - Just started, limited progress 2
3.3: To develop, apply and transfer appropriate technologies for protected areas 1 - Just started, limited progress 1
3.4: To ensure financial sustainability of protected areas and national and regional systems of protected areas 2 - Activity fully underway 1
3.5: To strengthen communication, education and public awareness 3 - Significant progress, nearly complete 2
4.1: To develop and adopt minimum standards and best practices for national and regional protected area systems 0 - Not yet begun, no progress 1
4.2: To evaluate and improve the effectiveness of protected areas management 2 - Activity fully underway 1
4.3: To assess and monitor protected area status and trends 2 - Activity fully underway 1
4.4: To ensure that scientific knowledge contributes to the establishment and effectiveness of protected areas and protected area systems 2 - Activity fully underway 1
Progress in incorporating climate change aspects into protected areas 1 - Just started, limited progress 1

Priority Actions

2012 - 2015

Integrate protected area management into the wider landscape (biosphere) and other sectors
2014 - 2015 $2,350,000
2015 $300,000 2.1) Develop an appropriate Natural Resource Accounting system including valuation of protected areas, biodiversity and environmental services
2014 $500,000 2.2) Capacity building of stakeholders (private, communities, local authorities) in integrated landscape management (with conservation, ecotourism, enhancement of carbon stocks and sustainable land management)
2015 $350,000 2.3) Review and identify eco-tourism opportunities in the wider production landscape through community /private /public partnerships in areas such as the Lubombo region, building upon management plans proposed under the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
2014 $1,200,000 2.4) Develop or adapt sustainable land management best practices for testing in selected pilot areas in suitable and representative ecosystems / forestry types / production landscapes within a defined geographic context, e.g. watershed and administrative
Expand the protected area network to 11.5% of the total land area and ensure that at least 10% of each major ecosystem/habitat is protected by 2020.
2014 - 2015 $1,000,000
2015 $100,000 1.1) Identify opportunities for Swaziland to strengthen participation in existing trans-boundary protected landscapes
2014 $600,000 1.2) Analyse land use change over past 15 years and update protected area, biodiversity and ecosystems data including land use, land cover, land degradation and forest inventory with special attention given to identify opportunities for new protected area
2014 $200,000 1.3) Develop protected area guidelines for applicable categories of protected areas
2014 $100,000 1.4) Identify and resolve key institutional and legal hurdles to prioritise the proclamation of new protected areas (Policy assessment)
Revise protected area management plans by 2015 to include climate change mitigation and adaptation and other key emerging issues.
2014 - 2015 $200,000
2014 $150,000 3.1) Interpret climate data to determine climate change and trends using available baseline data set for 1960-2010 5 and analyse climate change influences on present AEZ and ecosystems.
2015 $50,000 3.2) Prepare comprehensive protected area management plans, with a focus on harmonizing and promoting activities that respond to climate change and land degradation.

GEF Projects

Swaziland is a member of a constituency comprised of the following 10 countries : Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
Name Focus Approved On Completed On Status Grant Cofinance
Energizing Rural Transformation Climate Change 2004-05-21 Cancelled 3,100,000 USD 8,600,000 USD
Support to Preparation of the Second National Biosafety Reports to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety-Africa Biodiversity 2011-05-16 CEO Approved 993,950 USD 840,000 USD
Umbrella Programme for National Communication to the UNFCCC Climate Change 2011-11-09 CEO Endorsed 11,330,000 USD 2,013,500 USD
AFLDC:Capacity Strengthening and Technical Assistance for the Implementation of Stockholm Convention National Implementation Plans (NIPs) in African Least Developed Countries (LDCs) of the SADC Subregion POPs 2009-11-12 CEO Endorsed 3,000,000 USD 2,900,000 USD
Sustainable Management of Inland Wetlands in Southern Africa: A Livelihoods and Ecosystem Approach Land Degradation 2004-10-06 2010-03-01 Project Completion 999,325 USD 1,210,716 USD
Inventory, Evaluation and Monitoring of Botanical Diversity in Southern Africa: A Regional Capacity and Institution Building Network Biodiversity 1996-05-01 2005-05-01 Project Closure 4,725,000 USD 4,686,000 USD
To Promote the Implementation of National and Transboundary Integrated Water Resource Management that is Sustainable and Equitable Given Expected Climate Change. Climate Change 2010-11-18 CEO Endorsed 1,721,500 USD 6,100,000 USD
Participation in the Clearing House Mechanism of the CBD Biodiversity 2000-02-03 CEO Approved 14,000 USD 0
Enabling ActivitIes for the Implementation of the UNFCCC Climate Change 1997-03-18 IA Approved 303,850 USD 0
IFAD FP 2008-09-23 2,072,729 USD 12,273,897 USD
Biodiversity Conservation and Participatory Development Project Biodiversity 2003-05-16 Cancelled 5,850,000 USD 6,400,000 USD
SolarChill Development, Testing and Technology Transfer Outreach Climate Change 2011-11-09 Council Approved 2,714,529 USD 5,662,900 USD
Demonstration of Effectiveness of Diversified, Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Interventions, and Strengthening National Capacity for Innovative Implementation of Integrated Vector Management (IVM) for Disease Prevention and Control in the WHO AFRO Region POPs 2012-06-07 Council Approved 15,491,700 USD 118,720,000 USD
Cogen for Africa Climate Change 2006-08-28 Under Implementation 5,615,565 USD 61,586,350 USD
Development of a Strategic Market Intervention Approach for Grid-Connected Solar Energy Technologies (EMPower) Climate Change 2003-11-14 2010-07-01 Project Closure 1,000,000 USD 986,000 USD
Southern Africa Biodiversity Support Programme Biodiversity 1997-11-01 IA Approved 4,503,728 USD 4,840,000 USD
Support to Swaziland for the Revision of the NBSAPs and Development of Fifth National Report to the CBD Biodiversity 2012-01-05 CEO Approved 220,000 USD 264,000 USD
Assessment of Capacity Building Needs, Completion of the CHM Process and Preparation of the 2nd National Report to the CBD COP Biodiversity 2001-07-20 CEO Approved 207,000 USD 100,000 USD
Enabling activities for the development of a National Implementation Plan as a first step to implement the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) POPs 2008-03-25 IA Approved 356,000 USD 74,000 USD
National Capacity Self-Assessment for Environmental Management Multi Focal Area 2003-06-13 IA Approved 180,100 USD 30,000 USD
National Biodiversity Strategies, Action Plan, and the Report to the COP Biodiversity 1996-12-23 IA Approved 169,560 USD 0

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme