How to become a Party to the Nagoya Protocol
States and regional economic integration organizations that are Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity are eligible to become a Party to the Nagoya Protocol.
The United Nations Secretary-General acts as Depositary for the Nagoya Protocol through the United Nations Treaty Section
in New York. Certified true copies of the Nagoya Protocol are available here
The Nagoya Protocol’s Opening for Signature
The Nagoya Protocol was opened for signature by Parties to the Convention from 2 February 2011 until 1 February 2012. A total of 92 Parties to the Convention signed the Protocol before the closing date for signature.
Signature does not result in any positive legal obligations under the Nagoya Protocol. However, it indicates the signatory’s intention to take steps to express its consent to be bound by the Protocol at a later date. Signature also creates an obligation, in the period between signature and ratification, acceptance or approval, to refrain in good faith from acts that would defeat the object and purpose of the Protocol.
Taking Steps to Become a Party to the Nagoya Protocol
Parties to the Convention that have signed the Nagoya Protocol may then proceed to take steps at the domestic level that would lead to depositing their instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval with the Depositary.
Parties to the Convention that were not be able to sign the Nagoya Protocol by 1 February 2012, but still wish to become Parties, may accede to the Protocol by depositing an instrument of accession with the Depositary.
Ratification, acceptance, approval and accession have the same legal effect.
Depositing the relevant instruments represents an expression of explicit consent, at the international level, by a State or regional economic integration organization to be legally bound by the Nagoya Protocol. They are signed either by a Head of State, Head of Government or by a Minister for Foreign Affairs.
Parties to the Convention wishing to ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Nagoya Protocol should contact the UN Treaty Section
Office of Legal Affairs
2 UN Plaza - 323 E 44th Street
New York, NY 10017
United States of America