Awareness-raising

Article 21 of the Nagoya Protocol provides that each Party shall take measures to raise the awareness of the importance of genetic resources and traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, and related access and benefit-sharing issues. It also provides an indicative list of such measures.

Communication, education and public awareness are central to an effective implementation of the Nagoya Protocol. Therefore, effective implementation of Article 21 of the Nagoya Protocol plays a critical role for its overall success. At its first meeting, the COP-MOP adopted an Awareness-raising Strategy for the Nagoya Protocol which aims at providing a systematic and coherent approach to assist Parties in the implementation of Article 21.

COP-MOP Decisions

  • Decision NP-3/6 on measures to raise awareness of the importance of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge (Article 21)
  • Decision NP-2/9 on progress in the implementation of the awareness-raising strategy
  • Decision NP-1/9 on measures to raise awareness of the importance of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge (Article 21), including the Awareness-raising Strategy for the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing

COP-MOP Documents

COP-MOP 3

  • Progress report on measures to raise awareness of the importance of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge (Article 21) - CBD/NP/MOP/3/6
  • CEPA Toolkit including considerations for access and benefit-sharing - CBD/NP/MOP/3/INF/7

COP-MOP 2

  • Report on Progress in the Implementation of the Awareness-Raising Strategy for the Nagoya Protocol - UNEP/CBD/NP/COP-MOP/2/9

ICNP Recommendations

Awareness-raising strategy

At its first meeting, the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Nagoya Protocol adopted the Awareness-raising Strategy for the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing (annex to decision NP-1/9) which aims at providing a systematic and coherent approach to assist Parties in the implementation of Article 21.

Awareness-raising activities must respond to the specific needs and contexts of each Party. Therefore, the awareness-raising strategy is country-driven. The strategy identifies four priority activities and for each priority activity, sets out operational objectives, expected outcomes, indicators, the role of the Secretariat, activities and actors. The priority activities are the following:

  1. Communications situation analysis and the development of needs-based awareness-raising strategies at the national, regional and subregional levels;
  2. Creation of toolkit and awareness-raising materials;
  3. Train communicators and engage target groups; and
  4. Evaluation and feedback.
The Strategy also recognizes the importance of raising awareness among users of genetic resources for the effective implementation of the Protocol as well as the importance of facilitating the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples and local communities in national and regional awareness-raising activities.

To assist Parties in the implementation of the strategy, the Secretariat is currently developing a toolkit containing methodologies, templates and descriptive materials to support the development of national awareness-raising strategies and associated materials and tools (priority activity 2).

Parties and others are encouraged to share national awareness-raising strategies, products and tools through the ABS Clearing-House, to facilitate the sharing of experiences and lessons learned in communicating ABS issues.

Developments since the entry into force of the Protocol

COP-MOP 3 (November 2018)
At its third meeting, the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Nagoya Protocol (COP-MOP) considered the report on progress made in the implementation of the awareness-raising strategy and adopted decision NP-3/6. In this decision, COP-MOP requested the Executive Secretary to continue supporting the implementation of the awareness-raising strategy through its capacity-building activities and by encouraging the use of the CEPA Toolkit including considerations on ABS. Furthermore, in the decision, the Executive Secretary is requested to seek feedback from Parties, non-Parties and other relevant actors on the access and benefit-sharing awareness-raising toolkit.

COP-MOP 3 Decisions and Documents

  • Progress report on measures to raise awareness of the importance of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge (Article 21) - CBD/NP/MOP/3/6
  • CEPA Toolkit including considerations for access and benefit-sharing - CBD/NP/MOP/3/INF/7

COP-MOP 2 (December 2016)

At its second meeting, the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Nagoya Protocol (COP-MOP) adopted decision NP-2/9, which requested the Executive Secretary to continue implementing the priority activities contained in the Awareness-raising Strategy, ensure coherence with the awareness-raising and communication strategies of the Convention and its Protocols, and make efforts for the full and active participation of indigenous peoples and local communities. COP-MOP 2 also invited Parties, non-Parties and others to implement awareness-raising activities in accordance with the strategy, taking into consideration the framework for a communications strategy, and to make any resulting national strategies or awareness-raising tools and materials available on the ABS Clearing-House.

COP-MOP 2 Decisions and Documents

  • Report on Progress in the Implementation of the Awareness-Raising Strategy for the Nagoya Protocol - UNEP/CBD/NP/COP-MOP/2/9

COP-MOP 1 (October 2014)

At its first meeting, the COP-MOP adopted the Awareness-raising Strategy for the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing as contained in the annex to decision NP-1/9.

COP-MOP 1 Decisions
  • Decision NP-1/9 on measures to raise awareness of the importance of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge (Article 21), including the Awareness-raising Strategy for the Nagoya Protocol on Access and Benefit-sharing

Developments prior to the entry into force of the Protocol

Prior to the entry into force of the Protocol, the Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol (ICNP) was established by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (decision X/1) to undertake the preparations for the first meeting of the Parties to the Protocol.

ICNP-2 (July 2012)

At its second meeting, the ICNP considered a revised version of the draft awareness-raising strategy (UNEP/CBD/ICNP/2/11) and a synthesis of awareness-raising activities, including lessons learned from existing experience in this regard, based on submissions received prior to the meeting (UNEP/CBD/ICNP/2/INF/6). The ICNP further revised the strategy and recommended that the first meeting of the COP-MOP adopt the strategy as set out in the annex to recommendation 2/6.

In decision XI/1, the eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties invited Parties and other relevant actors to carry out awareness-raising activities to support the ratification, early entry into force and implementation of the Protocol, taking into account the draft awareness-raising strategy. The decision also recognized the importance of awareness-raising in supporting ratification, early entry into force and implementation of the Nagoya Protocol.

ICNP-2 Recommendations

ICNP-1 (June 2011)

At its first meeting, the ICNP considered a draft awareness-raising strategy prepared by the Executive Secretary (UNEP/CBD/ICNP/1/5) to assist Parties to effectively implement Article 21 of the Nagoya Protocol in a coherent manner, as well as to guide the efforts of the Secretariat, stakeholders and indigenous peoples and local communities to raise awareness of the Nagoya Protocol and related access and benefit-sharing issues. The ICNP also considered an overview of experiences and initiatives on awareness-raising on access and benefit-sharing and under different multilateral environmental agreements (UNEP/CBD/ICNP/1/INF/2) and adopted recommendation 1/3.

ICNP-1 Recommendations