Development of a monitoring framework for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework

Third meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework

Under agenda item 4, the third meeting of the Working Group, held virtually from 23 August to 3 September 2021, considered the following documents prepared by the Executive Secretary related to the further development of the monitoring framework for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

Document CBD/WG2020/3/3/Add.1 identifies a set of possible headline indicators which could be used to monitor the implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework nationally as well as used to track progress globally.

Information document CBD/WG2020/3/INF/2 proposes an approach to monitor progress in the implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Also presented in the document are the possible headline indicators (CBD/WG2020/3/3/Add.1), global biodiversity monitoring components and component indicators, and complementary indicators. The indicators have been aligned to the goals and targets of the first draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

Background

The draft monitoring framework was published online in November 2020. It was prepared in the light of decisions 14/1, 14/34 and 14/35 and recommendation WG2020-1/1 of the first meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, and in response to paragraph 13 of SBSTTA recommendation 23/1 in which the Subsidiary Body requested the Executive Secretary to prepare a document identifying, among other things, options for a monitoring framework and possible baselines, taking into account the outcomes of the second meeting of the Open-ended Working Group (WG2020-2), and to submit the document to SBSTTA-24 for its consideration.

It was developed on the basis of the indicators identified in decisions XIII/28 and X/3, existing reporting processes under the Convention and its Protocols, the indicators used for monitoring the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, as well as indicators developed by the members of the Biodiversity Indicators Partnership. The preparation process also took into account information previously provided to WG2020-2 and submissions received in response to Notifications 2019-108 and 2020-045.

SBSTTA-24

Under agenda item 3, participants to SBSTTA-24 (Part 1), held virtually from 3 May to 9 June 2021, considered issues related to the draft monitoring framework for the 2050 goals and the 2030 action targets of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework contained in documents CBD/SBSTTA/24/3 (scientific and technical information to support the review of the updated goals and targets, and related indicators and baselines) and CBD/SBSTTA/24/3/Add.1 (proposed indicators and monitoring approach), and related documents. Aspects related to monitoring were also taken up by SBI-3, held from 16 May to 13 June 2021, under agenda item 9.

Three groups of indicators are proposed for monitoring implementation of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework: Headline indicators, Component indicators and Complementary indicators. Details on each group are provided in section II of CBD/SBSTTA/24/3/Add.1. The full list of indicators is contained in the annex to the document. Section III presents options for baselines and reference periods for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Annex II of CBD/SBSTTA/24/3 proposes terms of reference for a technical expert group on indicators for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.


A contact group on agenda item 3 was established by the SBSTTA Chair which met from 5 to 7 May to provide a scientific and technical review of the proposed goals and targets in the updated zero draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework (CBD/POST2020/PREP/2/1), and to work on issues and recommendations related to the monitoring framework. The contact group also had before it document CBD/SBSTTA/24/3/Add.2/Rev.1 on scientific and technical information related to the proposed goals and targets in the updated zero draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. A conference room paper was prepared by the contact group to be taken up by Parties during plenary.

At the request of the Co-chairs of the contact group, a survey was prepared by the Secretariat to collect in-session (from 10 to 19 May) feedback from registered SBSTTA Focal Points and observer organizations on the applicability and usability of each of the Headline Indicators in CBD/SBSTTA/24/3/Add.1. A Friends of the Chair Group was also established to address matters related to baselines.

A report was prepared by the Co-chairs of the contact group on agenda item 3 to support the Co-Chairs of the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework in the preparation of the first draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

The Subsidiary Body resumed its consideration of the draft recommendation at the sixth plenary session, on 26 May 2021. Following an exchange of views, the Subsidiary Body approved the draft recommendation, as orally amended, as draft recommendation CBD/SBSTTA/24/L.3, for formal adoption at a later stage.

It was noted that the Executive Secretary would align the monitoring framework, including the headline, component and complementary indicators, with the first draft of the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. The understanding was that the results of the survey, along with the more general views expressed, would be taken into consideration. The Executive Secretary would further update the monitoring framework as necessary to align with the outcomes of the third meeting of the Open-ended Working Group on the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, for subsequent consideration at COP-15.