Economics, Trade and Incentive Measures

Economics, Trade and Incentive Measures

Reference manuals, toolkits and other general policy guidance

  • Handbook of Biodiversity Valuation: A Guide for Policy Makers. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Paris 2002.
    This handbook focuses on the nature of values associated to biological diversity and the methodological approaches that can be adopted to assign values for policy purposes.
  • Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: A Framework for Assessment. Millennium Ecosystem assessment.
    Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: A Framework for Assessment is the first product of the Millennium Ecosystem assessment (MA), a four-years international work program designed to meet the needs of decision-makers for scientific information on the links between ecosystem change and human well-being. The conceptual framework elaborated in this report describe the approach and assumptions that will underlie the analysis conducted in the Millennium Ecosystem Approach, including valuation methodologies.
  • The Value of Forest Ecosystems. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, CBD Technical Series No. 4. Montreal 2001.
    This publication explains the concept of economic value as applied to forest ecosystems, and provides an extensive overview on estimates for forest economic values, including a brief presentation on methodologies. An annex discusses the specific issue of pharmaceutical values.
  • Economic Valuation of Wetlands: A Guide for Policy Makers and Planners. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. Gland 1997.
    This publication outlines the needs for, and benefits of, economic valuation techniques as applied to wetlands and development projects intended to alter them, and describes a few of these techniques in detail.

General Information

Case Studies