Biodiversity Mainstreaming

Mainstreaming under the Convention

Biodiversity mainstreaming is generally understood as ensuring that biodiversity, and the services it provides, are appropriately and adequately factored into policies and practices that rely and have an impact on it.

The Convention text itself contains several relevant provisions such as the second and third objectives of the Convention on the sustainable use of biodiversity and its components, and on the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources for example. The Convention’s articles also call upon the mainstreaming of biodiversity, namely Article 6 (b), 10 (a) (c), 14, 11, 7 (c) and 8 (l).

In the revised Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, many of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets (ABTs) are relevant to mainstreaming, namely the four (ABTs) under Goal A: ABT 1 on awareness of the value of biodiversity, ABT 2 on integrating biodiversity values into development and poverty alleviation strategies and plans (decision X/6), and national accounting systems, ABT 3 on addressing incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity and creating positive ones; and ABT 4 on promoting sustainable consumption and production as well as many other that have linkages to specific economic sectors, such as for instance ABT 6 (sustainable management of fisheries), ABT 7 (agriculture, aquaculture and forestry) and ABT 13 (on maintaining genetic diversity), or because of the linkages to broader economic policies, such as ABT 8 (on addressing pollution), ABT 9 (on addressing invasive alien species), ABT 14 (on restoring and safeguarding ecosystem which provide essential services), and ABT 20 (on resource mobilization).

The Conference of the Parties (COP) has also established seven thematic programmes of work which contain provisions closely related to the mainstreaming of biodiversity, for instance in the programmes of work on Agricultural Biodiversity, Forest Biodiversity and Inland Waters Biodiversity. In addition, the work on many cross-cutting issues, such as Biodiversity for Development, Climate Change and Biodiversity, Economics and Incentive Measures, Health & Biodiversity, Impact Assessment, Invasive Alien Species, and Biodiversity and Tourism Development, have direct relevance to mainstreaming.

The Long-Term Strategic Approach to Mainstreaming

At the fourteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 14), a long-term strategic approach to mainstreaming (LTAM) was established. Parties to the Convention and numerous stakeholders have already undertaken significant efforts and made progress in mainstreaming biodiversity but recognize the importance to make further progress, namely to have the mainstreaming of biodiversity implemented by governments, the private sector, indigenous peoples and local communities, and other major groups and stakeholders across cross-cutting and sectorial policies.

To facilitate this LTAM, the Parties decided (decision 14/3) to “establish an Informal Advisory Group on Mainstreaming of Biodiversity, to advise the Executive Secretary and the Bureau on further development of the proposal for a long-term approach to mainstreaming biodiversity, (…), including on ways to integrate mainstreaming adequately into the post-2020 global biodiversity framework, to be submitted to the Subsidiary Body on Implementation for consideration at its third meeting”. This Group was established with nominated individuals representing 15 Parties and 15 Organizations. To complement the work of the IAG, an open Extended Consultative Network (ECN) was created in order to capture inputs from as many relevant stakeholders, and includes 35 organizations and counting.

Informal Advisory Group (IAG) and Extended Consultative Network (ECN) on Mainstreaming of Biodiversity

  • Short descriptions of members (IAG) Coming soon

  • Short descriptions of members (ECN) Coming soon

  • United Nations
  • United Nations Environment Programme