Gretchen C. Daily, winner of the 2010 MIDORI Prize for Biodiversity
Dr. Daily is a scholarly researcher in the Department of Biological Sciences at Stanford University. She has discovered the economic costs of environmental destructions, caused by human societies and their economic activities, and has contributed to the preservation of the ecosystem utilizing the concept of "ecosystem services."
Dr. Daily (b. 1964) is a scholarly researcher in the Department of Biological Sciences at Stanford University. She has discovered the economic costs of environmental destructions, caused by human societies and their economic activities, and has contributed to the preservation of the ecosystem utilizing the concept of "ecosystem services." She is a leading expert in biodiversity and its sustainable use, and has provided a comprehensive picture of ecosystem services through her research, contributed to creating international frameworks, and formulated policy proposals on biodiversity protection for companies, and local and national governments.
Dr. Daily has been seeking to develop ecosystem service control through scientific approaches, and so far has published over 150 scholarly papers, which include "Ecosystem Services: Benefits Supplied to Human Societies by Natural Ecosystems" in 1997, and "The New Economy of Nature: The Quest to Make Conservation Profitable" in 2002.
Dr. Daily has made tremendous contributions in creating international research frameworks on the environment. She was a lead author for the "Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA)," an international framework, which aims at evaluating ecosystem services in order to preserve the ecosystem. In 1998, she contributed to an ecological forecasting and valuation effort for the US President's Committee of Scientific Advisors in Science and Technology and has taken a leading role in establishing ecosystem service concepts and quantitative assessment. She has also made noteworthy contributions in establishing international frameworks such as the "Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES)," the "International Programme on Biodiversity Science (DIVERSITAS)," the "SATOYAMA Initiative," and "The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB)," which prove that her research results and the ecosystem service concepts have worldwide influence.
In recent years, Dr. Daily has focused much of her energy on "the Natural Capital Project," a joint effort by Stanford University, the University of Minnesota, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and The Nature Conservancy. She co-founded this effort with the goal of integrating ecosystem services approaches into all major resource decisions that affect Earth's natural resources. The thrust of the Natural Capital Project is on three major advances that together will transform how businesses, governments, and individuals interact with nature: (1) developing new tools and approaches to value natural capital and incorporate those values into business practice and public policies; (2) demonstrating the power of NatCap tools in major resource decisions, in replicable and scalable models of success; and (3) engaging leaders in key institutions to magnify the impact of these successes. The ultimate objective is to improve the state of biodiversity and human well-being by motivating greater and more cost-effective investments in both.
This project is developing a software system to evaluate the economic value of ecosystems and forecast change under alternative decisions and scenarios. "InVEST" (for Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Service and Tradeoffs) models and maps the delivery, distribution and economic value of ecosystem services. The tool will help visualize the impacts of potential decisions, identifying tradeoffs and compatibilities among environmental, economic and social benefits. Already, the "Natural Capital Project" has been applied worldwide and Dr. Daily especially has been playing a vital role in China, Costa Rica and Hawaii to conserve biodiversity through designing specific plans and directions.
Dr. Daily has enhanced recognition of the value of ecosystems and has successfully translated scientific knowledge into practical frameworks that can be used by business and in the political arena. Dr. Daily can be expected to continue such innovative work and promote awareness of the concept of ecosystem service in the international community.
Dr. Daily is expected to continue to convey the importance and relevance of environmental science for biological diversity not only to the academic arena but also to business, NGOs and civil society all over the world through various public speaking engagements and workshops in the future.
In summary, Dr. Daily has greatly contributed to the sustainable use of biodiversity, which is one of the aims of Convention on the Biological Diversity (CBD). Her achievements fit the requirements for the MIDORI Prize, that is, an individual who has made outstanding contributions and has had an impact on future activities for biodiversity conservation.
- 1986 B.S. in Biological Sciences, Stanford University
- 1987 M.S. in Biological Sciences, Stanford University
- 1992 Ph.D. in Biological Sciences, Stanford University
- 1992～1995 Winslow/Heinz Postdoctoral Fellow, Energy and Resources Group, UC Berkeley
- 1995～2002 Bing Interdisciplinary Research Scientist, Dept. Biological Sciences, Stanford University
- 2002～2005 Fellow, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University
- 2005～ Bing Professor of Environmental Science, Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, Senior Fellow, Woods Institute for the Environment Director, Center for Conservation Biology
Record of Honors and Awards
- 2003 Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, USA
- 2005 Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences, USA
- 2008 Fellow of the American Philosophical Society, USA
- 2008 The Sophie Prize, the Sophie Foundation, Norway
- 2009 International Cosmos Prize
Books and Articles
- 1997 "Nature's Service: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems," Island Press
- 2002 "The New Economy of Nature: The Quest to Make Conservation Profitable," Island Press
- 2009 "Ecosystem service in decision making: time to deliver" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, Vol7.No.1:21-28
- 2010 "Boundaries for a Healthy Planet," Scientific American, April 2010 issue