Unseen for decades in the wild, many species are now feared extinct. Some exist only as museum specimens, others are only known from old drawings or photographs.
Spiders capable of diving, jumping, and dancing (and one the size of a human face) were among the new species discovered.
April 10 (UPI) -- Researchers in Japan have identified two new orchid species on the island of Okinawa. Scientists described the new species, Gastrodia nipponicoides and Gastrodia okinawensis, in the journal Phytotaxa.
The Mangrove Ecology and Evolution Lab, led by Dr Stefano Cannicci at the Swire Institute of Marine Sciences (SWIMS) and School of Biological Sciences, the University of Hong Kong (HKU), has recently discovered, described and named a new species of mangrove-climbing micro-crab from Hong Kong, Ha ...
Pink, scaleless and with declining vision, the cave loach is the first ever example of a fish found living in a cave in Europe.
There are 60,065 species of trees in the world, according to a comprehensive study of the world's plants.
Tropical rainforests are one of the most species-rich areas on earth.
In the rugged limestone hills of northern Vietnam, scientists have discovered a new species of frog that looks like a small piece of rock.
March 21 (UPI) -- Crabs do more than swim and scuttle across the beach. They climb trees.
The ruby seadragon (Phyllopteryx dewysea) avoided scientific detection for so long due to its deepwater habitat and the fact that bodies changed color after they perished.
Under normal light, the South American polka dot tree frog (Hypsiboas punctatus) sports a muted palette of greens, yellows and reds.
With organisms gradually evolving into new organisms over the history of life on Earth, drawing a distinction between species can be challenging. One biologist proposes a new way of looking at the question.
Scientists were surprised by the relative abundance of the 4 new miniature species and believe that these frogs were overlooked because of their insect-like calls and secretive habitats
It’s a dwarf with big eyes, big ears and a big voice. The newly discovered Angolan dwarf galago belongs to the bushbaby family, members of which are found all over sub-Saharan Africa.
"While color variations in organisms, such as stick insects, can be striking and inform us of phases of evolution, they're one small aspect of a multi-faceted speciation process," said evolutionary biologist Zach Gompert.
Marine wildlife researchers have found a new species of shark in the waters off the coast of the central American state of Belize. The WWF says the revelation serves as a conservation message.
A team of Japanese scientists has discovered a new species of polychaete, a type of marine annelid worm, 9-meters deep underwater near Japan's Syowa Station in Antarctica, providing a good opportunity to study how animals adapt to extreme environments.
In the forests of northern Madagascar, scientists have discovered a new species of dwarf lemur.
Feb. 2 (UPI) -- Researchers in Belize believe they've discovered a new species of hammerhead shark.
An underwater photographer has stumbled upon a new species of hermit crab with legs and pincers striped like candy canes.
Scientists have discovered a new species of poison frog on the Amazonian slopes of the Andes in southeastern Peru.
Researchers hope their topical name will bring attention to the fact new species can still be found in the United States.
Newly recognised species given the name ‘Skywalker hoolock gibbon’ by the team that proved it was distinct from other Chinese gibbons
Scientists have discovered 163 new species in the Greater Mekong, according to a World Wide Fund for Nature report. The discoveries included plants and a frog so small it can sit on one's fingertip
Scientists have discovered yet another “fantastic beast”. In a forest in central Western Ghats, India, researchers Javed Ahmed, Rajashree Khalap and wildlife photographer Sumukha J.N. have found a new species of spider that looks like the magical sorting hat from the popular Harry Potter series.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 24 (UPI) -- Every once in a while, oyster-eaters, clam-eaters and consumers of other bivalves may happen upon a tiny, nearly transparent crab. While these parasitic stowaways may all look the same, there are a variety of species.
Scientists have long wondered about the correct taxonomic classification of Pau-brasil, the national tree of Brazil. A new study using DNA sequences to analyze the evolutionary relationships of Pau-brasil and some 200 closely-related plants from right across the tropics (together known as the Ca ...
A new species of a ground-dwelling lizard has been discovered in Goregaon’s Aarey Colony and Thane’s Badlapur forested belts, 130 years after the last such gecko was discovered, and has been named after a Bengaluru-based scientist Varad Giri.
At an ornamental fish market in northern Guangdong, a team of Chinese researchers have discovered a new species of freshwater crab, which may also be an entirely new genus.
It is a famous, gentle giant of the African savannah, but the giraffe's genetics have just revealed that there is not one species, but four.
Scientists from NOAA and the Bishop Museum have published a description of a new species of butterflyfish from deep reefs of the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument in the remote Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The study was published today in the scientific journal ZooKeys.
Scientists have discovered two new species of bioluminescent deep-sea fish off New Zealand.
Scientists have described a strikingly colored new species of snake from the mountains of east-central Mexico. This snake, with a vivid orange and black banding pattern on its body, belongs to the genus Geophis, a group that is commonly referred to as earth snakes.
New research reveals that the Philippines may have the greatest concentration of unique mammal species on earth, as scientists introduce a host of furry new characters from its main island of Luzon.
The rare orchid, named Telipogon diabolicus because its flowers resemble a devil’s head, is known from a single population of 30 orchids in southern Colombia.
If Pokémon Go players think catching 151 different pocket monsters on their smartphones is tough, imagine trying to collect more than 15,000.
An ongoing expedition in Bolivia’s Madidi National Park has recorded its 1,000th bird species, highlighting the park as a hotspot of avian biodiversity. The park is thought to contain more than 10 percent of all the world’s bird species.
Scientists have discovered a new species of tarantula in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Maria mountain range in Colombia. And it is badass.
A chameleon-like lizard is one of the first new anole species found in the Dominican Republic in decades. The species could help solve a mystery that has long puzzled scientists — but it’s already at risk.
A Caribbean lizard that remained undiscovered for many years despite its large size and distinctive looks has been identified as a new species.
There are now 12 known species of West Indian boas.
RIVERSIDE, Calif., June 20 (UPI) -- The last time scientists identified the wasp species Oobius depressus, World War I was just getting underway. Researchers in California and Michigan recently confirmed the rediscovery of the elusive species, having gone missing for more than a century.
The Blue-eyed Ground-dove hasn’t been seen since 1941 and was believed to be extinct — that is, until this year, when scientists revealed that they’d managed to document twelve of the birds in two different locations in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.
Researchers with the Museum of Zoology at Catholic University of Ecuador discovered two new species of rain frogs while conducting field work in Llanganates National Park on the eastern slopes of the Ecuadorian Andes.
QUITO, Ecuador, June 2 (UPI) -- Deep in the forests of Ecuador's Llanganates National Park -- lands once frequented by ancient Incans -- live two frog species that had gone unnamed by scientists until very recently.
ASHEVILLE, N.C., May 27 (UPI) -- There's a new member of the Boidae family, the group of nonvenomous, constricting snakes found across the globe.
The new tally is part of a report carried out by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It is its first global assessment of the world's flora.
Calculating how many species exist on Earth is a tough challenge. Researchers aren’t even sure how many land animals are out there, much less the numbers for plants, fungi or the most uncountable group of all: microbes.
The name’s bondia, Jamesbodia. Scientists have named a new subgenus of Caribbean plants Jamesbondia.
Tropidurus is a ubiquitous genus of lizard endemic to South America, and now there are three new species amongst its ranks.