New research reveals that the Philippines may have the greatest concentration of unique mammal species on earth, as scientists introduce a host of furry new characters from its main island of Luzon.
The rare orchid, named Telipogon diabolicus because its flowers resemble a devil’s head, is known from a single population of 30 orchids in southern Colombia.
If Pokémon Go players think catching 151 different pocket monsters on their smartphones is tough, imagine trying to collect more than 15,000.
An ongoing expedition in Bolivia’s Madidi National Park has recorded its 1,000th bird species, highlighting the park as a hotspot of avian biodiversity. The park is thought to contain more than 10 percent of all the world’s bird species.
Scientists have discovered a new species of tarantula in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Maria mountain range in Colombia. And it is badass.
A chameleon-like lizard is one of the first new anole species found in the Dominican Republic in decades. The species could help solve a mystery that has long puzzled scientists — but it’s already at risk.
A Caribbean lizard that remained undiscovered for many years despite its large size and distinctive looks has been identified as a new species.
There are now 12 known species of West Indian boas.
RIVERSIDE, Calif., June 20 (UPI) -- The last time scientists identified the wasp species Oobius depressus, World War I was just getting underway. Researchers in California and Michigan recently confirmed the rediscovery of the elusive species, having gone missing for more than a century.
The Blue-eyed Ground-dove hasn’t been seen since 1941 and was believed to be extinct — that is, until this year, when scientists revealed that they’d managed to document twelve of the birds in two different locations in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais.
Researchers with the Museum of Zoology at Catholic University of Ecuador discovered two new species of rain frogs while conducting field work in Llanganates National Park on the eastern slopes of the Ecuadorian Andes.
QUITO, Ecuador, June 2 (UPI) -- Deep in the forests of Ecuador's Llanganates National Park -- lands once frequented by ancient Incans -- live two frog species that had gone unnamed by scientists until very recently.
ASHEVILLE, N.C., May 27 (UPI) -- There's a new member of the Boidae family, the group of nonvenomous, constricting snakes found across the globe.
The new tally is part of a report carried out by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It is its first global assessment of the world's flora.
Calculating how many species exist on Earth is a tough challenge. Researchers aren’t even sure how many land animals are out there, much less the numbers for plants, fungi or the most uncountable group of all: microbes.
The name’s bondia, Jamesbodia. Scientists have named a new subgenus of Caribbean plants Jamesbondia.
Tropidurus is a ubiquitous genus of lizard endemic to South America, and now there are three new species amongst its ranks.
Scientists on an expedition through Madidi National Park—the world's most biologically diverse protected area— have now discovered seven animal species new to science, finds that were made in 2015 and recently confirmed through careful comparisons with known species, according to the WCS (Wildli ...
Dissection might prove unnecessary when identifying new molluscs after scientists described a previously unknown land snail based on its genitalia, yet without damaging the specimen in the slightest.
ANTANANARIVO, Madagascar, April 15 (UPI) -- Scientists have found three new species of mouse lemur in the forests of Madagascar, a large island nation off Africa's southeastern coast.
The gecko, which was given the name Diplodactylus ameyi, is a specialized termite predator found in outback Queensland and northern New South Wales.
WUSHAN, China, April 6 (UPI) -- Scientists have found six new species of dragon millipedes in China, a few of which live only in caves.
COLLEGE STATION, Texas, April 5 (UPI) -- Thanks to a case of mistaken identity, the minnow species Notropis megalops, eluded scientists for more than a century, hiding out in the shallows of West Texas.
GAINESVILLE, Fla., March 20 (UPI) -- Biologists have discovered a new species of butterfly occupying Alaska's interior -- the first in 28 years. Researchers believe the hardy species is a hybrid of two ancient species uniquely adapted for life on the Last Frontier.
A new snake belonging to the Colubridae family has been found in Gujarat, India and researchers say it not only represents a new species but also a new genus.
In the rainforests of southeastern Asia, a parasitic plant called Rafflesia produces the world’s largest flowers. Some Rafflesia flowers, for instance, can be a meter and a half in diameter, and can weigh up to 22 pounds (or 10 kilograms). These flowers, called “corpse flower” locally, often sme ...
Some thought it was impossible. But a population of stickleback fish that breed in the same streams is splitting into two separate species before our eyes, and at rapid speeds.
The Philippines cemented itself as the world's biodiversity hotspot for Rafflesia "corpse flowers" as a new species of the usually pungent-smelling blossom was just discovered in Nueva Ecija.
Amid collections of museum specimens, biologists have discovered eight new species of “whip spiders” from the genus Charinus — arachnids with thin, long, whip-like legs.
YAKUSHIMA, Kagoshima Prefecture--A biologist out walking with a friend discovered a new variety of plant that is a close member of an odd-looking endangered species of flora.
The discovery of a new species of mormyrid, a “weakly electric” fish endemic to the continental freshwaters of Africa, has led to the creation of a new genus containing not one but two new species.
Just in time for Valentine's Day, botanists from Hawai'i have discovered a new species of plant with small heart-shaped fruits.
In the island country of Taiwan, researchers have identified two new species of tree frogs with jewel-colored eyes.
A new species of black tarantula that lives near Folsom Prison, California, has been named after Johnny Cash.
Scientists have announced the discovery of four new species of deep-water algae in Hawaii's Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument. The new species were collected between 200-400 feet, depths not typically known for marine algae.
The Wildlife Conservation Society announced yesterday that a team of scientists has discovered a new species of chameleon in the mountainous rainforests of Tanzania.
A new species of forest thrush has been discovered in a remote region of northeastern India, making it only the fourth new bird discovered in the country since independence in 1947.
Scientists have described a new species of bird in northern India and China, called the Himalayan forest thrush.
"I am now planning my trip to Queensland, Australia, where I hope to take leisurely walks through the jungle, accompanied by a dozen or so of my namesake feeding on my ankles," author Amy Tan said.
The Tsaratanana Massif –the highest mountain on Madagascar and one of the island's most remote regions– is home to several indigenous species.
Scientists say they’ve discovered a new species of horned pitviper in the critically endangered cloud forests of the Sierra Madre Oriental in Jalisco, Mexico, and determined that another pitviper is indeed a unique species.
Researchers have discovered half a dozen new species of the African clawed frog, and added back another to the list of known species, in the process uncovering striking new characteristics of one of the most widely studied amphibians in the world.
British naturalist and TV presenter Sir David Attenborough has lent his name to a number of animal and plant species.
QUITO, Ecuador, Dec. 3 (UPI) -- Deep in the hidden forests of the Andes are mysterious creatures still unnamed.
BRISTOL, England, Nov. 19 (UPI) -- After a rare fossilized fireworm unearthed in Lebanon turned out to be a new species, British biologists looked to American rock for naming inspiration.
SAO PAULO, Nov. 18 (UPI) -- Researchers in Brazil named a newly discovered harvestman species after Smeagol, the pathetic bottom-dweller from Tolkien's epic Lord of the Rings trilogy.
The primary way that researchers know anything about the distribution of species in the natural world is via the specimen collections housed in museums all around the world.
They might be looking quite identical, but each of the populations of two owl species, living in the opposite hemispheres, might actually turn out to be yet another kind.
The researchers who discovered the record-setting species have been studying Malaysia's mollusks for more than 25 years.
A new species of giant tortoise has been identified in the Galapagos, taking the tally in the archipelago to 11.