Taxonomy usually refers to the theory and practice of describing, naming and classifying living things. Such work is essential for the fundamental understanding of biodiversity and its conservation.
The species, which has been named Hyorhinomys stuempkei - hog-nosed rat - has "distinct and unique features uncommon to other rats", they said.
Species new to science found in the Eastern Himalayas over the past five years include 133 plants, 26 species of fish, 10 new amphibians – and one mammal
Only in Australia. An elusive and aggressive blue fish, until now known only through seafarers’ tales, has finally been documented by science. So hard to catch, the fish had become known to anglers as “blue bastard” – a name it is now officially stuck with.
RAJA AMPAT, Indonesia, Aug. 26 (UPI) -- A team of researchers, from Florida and the Netherlands, recently located a tiny creature living inside another creature.
A new species of titi monkey was recently discovered in the Urubamba river region of Peru, according to New Scientist.
It’s a lemur lover’s dream: cute and totally unafraid. A new population of dwarf lemurs has been identified on a small, uninhabited island off the north coast of Madagascar.
A tiny new frog species discovered in the Peruvian Andes has a white-mottled belly and a dark face mask that makes it look like a bandit.
ACTON, Australia, Aug. 3 (UPI) -- A new brightly colored flat lizard species has been discovered in South Africa. The scientists describing the newly identified creature have decided to name it after naturalist Sir David Attenborough.
There’s another wolf in the world, according to results published yesterday in Current Biology. The discovery of the species, called the African golden wolf (Canis anthus), effectively increases the number of living canid species from 35 to 36.
"More than ten new amphibian species have been described in the last decade, and more await formal description," researchers said of Upper Guinea, a unique forest habitat in West Africa.
RIVERSIDE, Calif., June 26 (UPI) -- On almost any summer night, thousands of kids are catching fireflies. Few, if any, however, are discovering new species.
MONTEREY, Calif., June 17 (UPI) -- The search for the cutest octopus in the world is finally over. There are no defenses for the heart-melting looks of a newly identified -- but still unnamed -- species of octopus found deep in California's Monterey Bay.
Scientists have raised the estimated number of tropical tree species to at least 40,000 to 53,000. Many tropical tree species risk extinction because of their rarity and restriction to small geographic areas, reaffirming the need for comprehensive, pan-tropical conservation efforts.
Seven new species of tiny frog have been discovered on seven different mountains in south-eastern Brazil.
BRISBANE, Australia, June 2 (UPI) -- The males of two new species of dusky antechinus discovered in Australia spend their annual mating season coupling with as many females as possible and then die within weeks -- yet that isn't what threatens the species' existence.
On the border of Colombia and Venezuela lies a mountain range called Serranía de Perijá in which a small brown songbird is going about its day entirely unaware of what a stir it has just created in the world of ornithology.
BANGKOK, May 27 (UPI) -- Ampulex dementor, also known as the dementor wasp, is only one of 139 new species discovered last year in the Greater Mekong region, but it is most certainly the scariest.
Scientists have found that the panther chameleon, a species with spectacular intra-specific colour variations, found in Madagascar, actually comprises eleven different species.
A new research article reports on a discovery made during a Los Angeles class fieldtrip -- a new species of marine pillbug.
Indonesian researchers believe they have identified six new animal species in the newly declared Mount Tambora National Park on the island of Sumbawa.
The accidental discovery of a tiny, but extraordinary shark species, is a big moment for ocean research. It also reminds us of how little we know about life in the deep seas.
A newly-discovered species of tree-killing bark beetle has been described in a new paper.
LIMA, April 6 (UPI) -- In the Andes, dwarf dragons are scurrying across the forest floor in greater variety than previously thought.
Amateur botanists in the Western Cape Province of South Africa have discovered two new species of beautiful blue-flowered legumes.
BOGOTA, March 19 (UPI) -- An odd-looking hummingbird called the blue-bearded helmetcrest (Oxypogon cyanolaemus) was thought to be extinct. It hadn't been seen in some 69 years.
Naturalists decamp to remote Amazonian region to try to classify some of the many thousands of unidentified Guianan species
In October 2002, a team of ornithologists at Murici in northeastern Brazil observed and recorded the call of a bird.
After being misidentified and sitting in a museum drawer for more than seventy years, a group of bird specimens collected in Colombia and Venezuela has been determined to represent a previously unknown species, now dubbed the Perijá Tapaculo (Scytalopus perijanus).
BERKELEY, Calif., Feb. 26 (UPI) -- Researchers have discovered two new species of peacock spiders, a brightly colored group of spiders belonging to the jumping spider family (Salticidae) -- the largest family in the order Araneae.
(Reuters) - A team of researchers studying insects in Africa has named a newly discovered species of wasp with a distinctive yellow-and-black pattern after Boston Bruins goalie Tuukka Rask, the Boston Globe reported on Tuesday.
While researching the two known species of seadragons as part of an effort to understand and protect the exotic and delicate fish, scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego made a startling discovery: A third species of seadragon.
There's more to Darwin's finches than meets the eye. Famously, the 14 species found on the Galapagos islands are distinguished from one another largely by differences in beak shape.
Flower discovered in the Brecon Beacons to be called Attenborough’s hawkweed, just days after a genus of endangered plants was also named after the naturalist.
HUAYTARá, Peru, Feb. 4 (UPI) -- Scientists thought they had exhausted their search for new life among the coastal valleys of central Peru, a region comparatively poor in biodiversity.
Field research in a limestone cave in the Brazilian savanna recorded the first obligate cave-dwelling flatworm of the suborder Continenticola in South America.
What big teeth you have, my dear! The better to eat insects with—and make one's own ecological niche.
A new fish species, Salmo kottelati, has been described from the Alak1r Stream draining to Mediterranean Sea in Anatolia.
A new pit viper was discovered by researchers working in Sumatra, Indonesia, and described in a new study in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation.
JAKARTA, Nov. 25 (UPI) -- The Sulawesi streaked flycatcher -- named after the Indonesia island it's found on -- was first observed 15 years ago. But a team of researchers have only recently been able to collect and analyze the bird's DNA, confirming the species' genetic distinctiveness.
(Reuters) - A tiny shrimp equipped with large, candy-striped eyes to ward off predators has been discovered in South African waters, the University of Cape Town said on Friday.
Researchers have described a previously undocumented species of gecko in Madagascar.
Indian scientists from the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Platforms, National Centre for Biological Sciences, Centre for Wildlife Studies and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) have developed novel genetic approaches to identify species, sex and individuals from carnivore scats.
A research team has discovered a new species of deep-sea coral and a nursery area for catsharks and skates in the underwater canyons located close to the Gulf of Farallones and Cordell Bank national marine sanctuaries off the Sonoma coast.
Cape Melville rainbow skink and Cape Melville bar-lipped skink bring the tally of species unknown to science that have been found in small, remote area to eight
A recent study revealed that 27 new vertebrate species have been found in the forests of Tanzania’s Eastern Arc Mountains.
Scientists have confirmed that a frog found living in New York City wetlands is a new species.
Typical cave-dwelling organisms, unpigmented and eyeless, were discovered in a karst area located in northeastern Brazil.
Hyderabad, a city known more today for its Silicon Valley connection has revealed its nature connection too with researchers discovering not one but four new species in the city in the past five years. This includes two spider species, a plant species, a lizard and even the re-discovery of a sna ...
A handful of strange mushroom-shaped animals discovered in the deep sea off Australia in the 1980s have finally been named by scientists. The organisms are so unique that they may rearrange the earliest branches of the animal family tree.