The new tally is part of a report carried out by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It is its first global assessment of the world's flora.
Calculating how many species exist on Earth is a tough challenge. Researchers aren’t even sure how many land animals are out there, much less the numbers for plants, fungi or the most uncountable group of all: microbes.
The name’s bondia, Jamesbodia. Scientists have named a new subgenus of Caribbean plants Jamesbondia.
Tropidurus is a ubiquitous genus of lizard endemic to South America, and now there are three new species amongst its ranks.
Scientists on an expedition through Madidi National Park—the world's most biologically diverse protected area— have now discovered seven animal species new to science, finds that were made in 2015 and recently confirmed through careful comparisons with known species, according to the WCS (Wildli ...
Dissection might prove unnecessary when identifying new molluscs after scientists described a previously unknown land snail based on its genitalia, yet without damaging the specimen in the slightest.
ANTANANARIVO, Madagascar, April 15 (UPI) -- Scientists have found three new species of mouse lemur in the forests of Madagascar, a large island nation off Africa's southeastern coast.
The gecko, which was given the name Diplodactylus ameyi, is a specialized termite predator found in outback Queensland and northern New South Wales.
WUSHAN, China, April 6 (UPI) -- Scientists have found six new species of dragon millipedes in China, a few of which live only in caves.
COLLEGE STATION, Texas, April 5 (UPI) -- Thanks to a case of mistaken identity, the minnow species Notropis megalops, eluded scientists for more than a century, hiding out in the shallows of West Texas.
GAINESVILLE, Fla., March 20 (UPI) -- Biologists have discovered a new species of butterfly occupying Alaska's interior -- the first in 28 years. Researchers believe the hardy species is a hybrid of two ancient species uniquely adapted for life on the Last Frontier.
A new snake belonging to the Colubridae family has been found in Gujarat, India and researchers say it not only represents a new species but also a new genus.
In the rainforests of southeastern Asia, a parasitic plant called Rafflesia produces the world’s largest flowers. Some Rafflesia flowers, for instance, can be a meter and a half in diameter, and can weigh up to 22 pounds (or 10 kilograms). These flowers, called “corpse flower” locally, often sme ...
Some thought it was impossible. But a population of stickleback fish that breed in the same streams is splitting into two separate species before our eyes, and at rapid speeds.
The Philippines cemented itself as the world's biodiversity hotspot for Rafflesia "corpse flowers" as a new species of the usually pungent-smelling blossom was just discovered in Nueva Ecija.
Amid collections of museum specimens, biologists have discovered eight new species of “whip spiders” from the genus Charinus — arachnids with thin, long, whip-like legs.
YAKUSHIMA, Kagoshima Prefecture--A biologist out walking with a friend discovered a new variety of plant that is a close member of an odd-looking endangered species of flora.
The discovery of a new species of mormyrid, a “weakly electric” fish endemic to the continental freshwaters of Africa, has led to the creation of a new genus containing not one but two new species.
Just in time for Valentine's Day, botanists from Hawai'i have discovered a new species of plant with small heart-shaped fruits.
In the island country of Taiwan, researchers have identified two new species of tree frogs with jewel-colored eyes.
A new species of black tarantula that lives near Folsom Prison, California, has been named after Johnny Cash.
Scientists have announced the discovery of four new species of deep-water algae in Hawaii's Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument. The new species were collected between 200-400 feet, depths not typically known for marine algae.
The Wildlife Conservation Society announced yesterday that a team of scientists has discovered a new species of chameleon in the mountainous rainforests of Tanzania.
A new species of forest thrush has been discovered in a remote region of northeastern India, making it only the fourth new bird discovered in the country since independence in 1947.
Scientists have described a new species of bird in northern India and China, called the Himalayan forest thrush.
"I am now planning my trip to Queensland, Australia, where I hope to take leisurely walks through the jungle, accompanied by a dozen or so of my namesake feeding on my ankles," author Amy Tan said.
The Tsaratanana Massif –the highest mountain on Madagascar and one of the island's most remote regions– is home to several indigenous species.
Scientists say they’ve discovered a new species of horned pitviper in the critically endangered cloud forests of the Sierra Madre Oriental in Jalisco, Mexico, and determined that another pitviper is indeed a unique species.
Researchers have discovered half a dozen new species of the African clawed frog, and added back another to the list of known species, in the process uncovering striking new characteristics of one of the most widely studied amphibians in the world.
British naturalist and TV presenter Sir David Attenborough has lent his name to a number of animal and plant species.
QUITO, Ecuador, Dec. 3 (UPI) -- Deep in the hidden forests of the Andes are mysterious creatures still unnamed.
BRISTOL, England, Nov. 19 (UPI) -- After a rare fossilized fireworm unearthed in Lebanon turned out to be a new species, British biologists looked to American rock for naming inspiration.
SAO PAULO, Nov. 18 (UPI) -- Researchers in Brazil named a newly discovered harvestman species after Smeagol, the pathetic bottom-dweller from Tolkien's epic Lord of the Rings trilogy.
The primary way that researchers know anything about the distribution of species in the natural world is via the specimen collections housed in museums all around the world.
They might be looking quite identical, but each of the populations of two owl species, living in the opposite hemispheres, might actually turn out to be yet another kind.
The researchers who discovered the record-setting species have been studying Malaysia's mollusks for more than 25 years.
A new species of giant tortoise has been identified in the Galapagos, taking the tally in the archipelago to 11.
A species of wasp that has never been recorded in the country has been discovered at a British nature reserve.
Taxonomy usually refers to the theory and practice of describing, naming and classifying living things. Such work is essential for the fundamental understanding of biodiversity and its conservation.
The species, which has been named Hyorhinomys stuempkei - hog-nosed rat - has "distinct and unique features uncommon to other rats", they said.
Species new to science found in the Eastern Himalayas over the past five years include 133 plants, 26 species of fish, 10 new amphibians – and one mammal
Only in Australia. An elusive and aggressive blue fish, until now known only through seafarers’ tales, has finally been documented by science. So hard to catch, the fish had become known to anglers as “blue bastard” – a name it is now officially stuck with.
RAJA AMPAT, Indonesia, Aug. 26 (UPI) -- A team of researchers, from Florida and the Netherlands, recently located a tiny creature living inside another creature.
A new species of titi monkey was recently discovered in the Urubamba river region of Peru, according to New Scientist.
It’s a lemur lover’s dream: cute and totally unafraid. A new population of dwarf lemurs has been identified on a small, uninhabited island off the north coast of Madagascar.
A tiny new frog species discovered in the Peruvian Andes has a white-mottled belly and a dark face mask that makes it look like a bandit.
ACTON, Australia, Aug. 3 (UPI) -- A new brightly colored flat lizard species has been discovered in South Africa. The scientists describing the newly identified creature have decided to name it after naturalist Sir David Attenborough.
There’s another wolf in the world, according to results published yesterday in Current Biology. The discovery of the species, called the African golden wolf (Canis anthus), effectively increases the number of living canid species from 35 to 36.
"More than ten new amphibian species have been described in the last decade, and more await formal description," researchers said of Upper Guinea, a unique forest habitat in West Africa.
RIVERSIDE, Calif., June 26 (UPI) -- On almost any summer night, thousands of kids are catching fireflies. Few, if any, however, are discovering new species.