It was a Tuesday in early February 2015 when Sylvie Gravel walked into her colleague Paul Makar’s office carrying printouts that would mystify both of them. The two scientists at Environment and Climate Change Canada were staring at computer model forecasts of ozone gas. Up in the Earth’s atmosp ...
A new study published Thursday in the journal Science explains why bird eggs come in different shapes and sizes. It says that this happens because eggs are shaped according to the birds’ flight behavior.
Chimpanzees in Uganda may have changed their hunting strategy in response to being watched by scientists. While studying the animals, researchers documented very different hunting habits of two closely neighbouring chimp "tribes".
Today Scientists have called for action. The scientific journal Nature ecology & evolution have published a joint statement from scientists at Center for Macroecology, Evolution and Climate, University of Copenhagen and North Carolina State University.
A team at Qatar University has discovered a new species of crab during an exploration trip on the research vessel Janan. The trip aimed to investigate marine benthic biodiversity within the Qatar Marine Zone.
We typically think of large predatory animals such as mountain lions as fearless beasts that will stop at nothing to procure a meal — even if that meal consists of human flesh. New research suggests that this view is wrong, and that big cats don't like to bump into us any more than we like to bu ...
The University of Gothenburg soon will have its first autonomous underwater vehicle for research use. This will make it possible to conduct detailed studies of the seabed at great depths and track the climate thousands of years back in time.
The Madden-Julian Oscillation drives storms across the Indian and Pacific oceans every 30 to 60 days. New research suggests that clouds absorbing and reemitting radiative energy play a key role.
Scientists have identified three new species of chameleons, after studying a trio of reptiles earlier thought to belong to the same species.
A PhD student from Delhi University has discovered four new species of burrowing frogs in the Western Ghats, further cementing the region's place as a global biodiversity hotspot with an unprecedented rate of new frog discoveries in the last decade.
A CSIRO biodiversity study in the Maranoa region of Queensland, near Roma, has found 265 ant species, with up to 100 of them expected to be new. It was part of a bigger Queensland Murray-Darling Commission (QMDC) project looking at the biodiversity of the region.
Drones, or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), have been around since the early 1900s. Originally used for military operations, they became more widely used after about 2010 when electronic technology got smaller, cheaper and more efficient, prices on cameras and sensors dropped, and battery power ...
Lauren Sallan has studied dead fish for her entire professional career. “I was born within driving distance of the Field Museum and Shedd Aquarium. My parents did all they could to support my budding interest in science. In fact, I joke that I’ve been an amateur paleontologist since I was three ...
People who live and work along coastlines may be more likely to experience a super-charged lightning strike, researchers including one of Indian origin have found.
The Achilles' heel of coral growth is high temperatures, not ocean acidification, according to researchers from The University of Western Australia and the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies. The research will be presented tomorrow in Canberra at the Coral Reef Futures Symposium.
Australian scientists say they have cracked the code that explains why reptiles change sex under the stress of extreme temperatures. The proposed model could also help manage biodiversity as reptiles come under pressure from climate change.
Male birds tend to be better singers than females—but does the basis for this difference lie in the brain or in the syrinx, the bird equivalent of our larynx? The researchers behind a new study from The Auk: Ornithological Advances analyzed the muscle fibers in the syrinxes of male and female bi ...
When Elena Ivanova travelled from Russia to Australia in January 2001, she brought with her an international reputation, an impressive publishing record and her unique collection of marine bacteria, amassed over almost two decades.
Poop is nothing short of a scientific miracle. It helps researchers understand the diets of dinosaurs, trace the spread of ancient disease and recognize parasitic infection. Fresh human feces also provide a direct window into our guts and the billions of microscopic critters therein, which help ...
Natural science has taken centre stage as one of the most important topics of research for the modern age. Some of New Zealand’s top natural scientists at the University of Waikato are working to uncover ways to reduce the damaging effects of human activity on the environment.
Mateus Mutemba, the Warden of Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique, is one of 14 National Geographic Emerging Explorers for 2017. This group is being honored for the way its members explore new frontiers and find innovative ways to remedy some of the greatest challenges facing our planet. The 2 ...
The species-area relationship (SAC) is a long-term pattern in ecology and is discussed in most academic Ecology books. Its implications are relevant for many ecological, evolutionary, conservation and biogeographic purposes.
The explosive growth in human population is bringing about the sixth mass extinction of life on Earth scientists have said.
There is a rapidly closing window of opportunity to take effective climate action, and EU forest policies need to be more science-based to succeed, write Michael Norton and Jaana Bäck.
We know little about Earth's surface temperatures for the first 4 billion years or so of its history. This presents a limitation into research of life's origins on Earth and also how it might arise on distant worlds as well.
Science is not a belief system: it is repeatable, testable experimentation leading to a working theory. The science behind climate change is basic and can be learned during childhood schooling.
It started out as an interest in lacertids – a family of small lizards native to Asia, Europe, and Africa – an itch to “understand what was going on with these lizards,” according to Dr. Ishan Agarwal, biologist at Villanova University, Pennsylvania.
Emmett Duffy was about 5 meters under water off the coast of Panama, when a giant, tan-and-white porcupinefish caught his eye. The slow-moving creature would have been a prime target for predators if not for the large, treelike branches of elkhorn coral (Acropora palmata) it was sheltering under.
New genomic tools are enabling researchers to overturn long-held beliefs about the origins of populations, a researcher will tell the annual conference of the European Society of Human Genetics today (Monday). Dr Eran Elhaik, Assistant Professor of Animal and Plant Sciences at the University of ...
A new study finds that major gains in global biodiversity can be achieved if an additional 5% of land is set aside to protect key species.
The research arm of Norway's sovereign wealth fund has awarded grants for two projects on how climate change affects the economy and capital markets, it said on Friday.
A team of scientists led by the University of Bristol has provided new insights into the origins of the Archaea, the group of simple cellular organisms that are the ancestors of all complex life.
In north-eastern Indian tea gardens, the presence of leopards does not necessarily lead to conflicts with people. A study published in PLOS ONE has found that leopards are abundant in tea-garden landscapes in north-eastern India, but that their mere presence does not lead to conflicts with people.
Experiments with tiny, shelled organisms in the ocean suggest big changes to the global carbon cycle are underway, according to a study from the University of California, Davis.
Flamingos expend less energy standing on one leg than in a two-legged stance, scientists have confirmed.It may be their signature pose, but how and why the birds perch on one limb has been a longstanding puzzle.
Sex is one of the most essential characteristics of an individual -- not only for humans, but also for animals and plants. All organisms that reproduce sexually are usually clearly male or female, whereby the genetic control mechanism responsible for sex determination varies widely from species ...
Three thousand fake caterpillars are helping scientists understand species interactions around the world. David Hik, a professor in the University of Alberta’s Department of Biological Sciences, was the Canadian lead on a study that saw plasticine caterpillars glued to plants to trick predators ...
Conservation researchers have developed an interactive software tool called ConservationFIT that can "read" digital images of animal footprints captured from smartphones, cameras or drones and accurately identify the species, sex and age of the animal that made the tracks, and even match tracks ...
Planting trees is a way to save the planet more than ever. It has come to a point that more tree planting won't alleviate the condition to what humans did to this planet. Planting more trees would disrupt the biological ecosystem and would even eat up the allotted food chain area of vegetation.
THE world’s seabed has turned artistic canvas, with researchers capturing spectacular images previously hidden beneath the waves.Technology advancements have allowed a global team of scientists, including Hobart-based Vanessa Lucieer, to capture and catalogue a series of detailed acoustic images ...
Scientific discovery takes patience, determination, focus and perseverance. And sometimes, it also takes 2,879 bright-green, Plasticine caterpillars.
Hiroshima University scientists have identified a new species of parasite infecting an invasive freshwater fish on the subtropical island of Okinawa, Japan. The results are part of a project to find parasites that have arrived in Japan with their non-native hosts and understand the role of paras ...
Pesticide regulation, diversified farming systems and long-term monitoring are all ways governments can help to secure the future of pollinators such as bees, flies and wasps, according to scientists.
British scientists have identified a paradox in research on the impact of extra carbon dioxide on the world’s oceans.There is no doubt that along with global warming the oceans are becoming more acidic, and that this badly affects fish, corals and shellfish.
A new study by the University of Sydney and the Chinese Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Beijing found more than 1,400 viruses in invertebrates, or animals without backbones such as worms, insects and spiders, living in and around human homes.
Struggling East African dairy farmers could benefit from new varieties of high-quality, drought-resistant forage grass known as Brachiaria that boosts milk production by 40 per cent, a report says.
The richest and poorest Americans differ in life expectancy by more than a decade. Glaring health inequalities across the socioeconomic spectrum are often attributed to access to medical care and differences in habits such as smoking, exercise and diet.
Experts at the University of Birmingham are launching an interdisciplinary project called CreativeDrought to prepare rural communities in Africa for possible future drought by combining local knowledge with environmental science.
From the ocean depths to the vastness of the cosmos, new technologies give scientists a better understanding of the world around us. In this special episode of Futuris, we will meet with modern explorers of the sea, land, and space.
Scientists from The University of Western Australia's Centre for Integrative Bee Research (CIBER) tagged 200 honey bee workers to find out how a highly-contagious fungal parasite (Nosema apis) impacts their ability to pollinate crops.