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News Headlines
#115518
2017-12-08

Earth’s Hum: Scientists Record The Very Sound Of Earth—But Don't Know Why It Happens

Scientists have recorded the mysterious sound of the Earth deep underwater for the first time. The eerie hum is could be key to understanding the make-up of the planet itself—but no one knows what makes it.

News Headlines
#115521
2017-12-08

Disappearing sea snakes surprise researchers with hidden genetic diversity

New research suggests an urgent need to find out why sea snakes are disappearing from known habitats, after it was discovered some seemingly identical sea snake populations are actually genetically distinct from each other and can't simply repopulate if one group dies out.

News Headlines
#115494
2017-12-06

It's good to be rare, for some species

When most people think of rare species, they think of endangered ones that humans have caused to be rare through habitat loss, poaching, climate change and other disturbances. But some species have always been rare -- occurring in small densities throughout their range -- throughout their evolut ...

News Headlines
#115498
2017-12-06

Extreme fieldwork, drones, climate modeling yield new insights about Greenland's melting ice sheet

A new UCLA-led study reinforces the importance of collaboration in assessing the effects of climate change.The research, published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, offers new insights about previously unknown factors affecting Greenland's melting ice sheet, a ...

News Headlines
#115507
2017-12-06

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Regional Bureau for Sciences in the Arab States Celebrates its 70th Anniversary

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in cooperation with the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Egypt and the Egyptian National Commission for UNESCO, celebrates the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the UNESCO Regional Bureau ...

News Headlines
#115459
2017-12-05

Oxygen Surge 400 Million Years Ago Helped Trigger an Explosion in Biodiversity

Scientists have linked a surge in Earth’s oxygen levels some 455 million years ago with an explosion in biodiversity on the planet, as nature took advantage of the extra breathing space to transform marine life and develop new species.

News Headlines
#115476
2017-12-05

Study sheds new light on how animals and plants respond to changes in the environment

Scientists at the University of Sheffield have discovered that living creatures' responsiveness to changes in the environment can evolve and depends on the conditions they experienced in their past.

News Headlines
#115477
2017-12-05

Stronger storms hamper ability of streams and rivers to clean up pollution

Freshwater streams and rivers naturally clean up some forms of pollution originating from urban and agricultural areas, but increased storm intensity reduces this ability, which underscores the need to improve the management of nonpoint sources of pollution and storm water management, according ...

News Headlines
#115436
2017-12-04

Crop gene discovery gets to the root of food security

Researchers from The University of Queensland have discovered that a key gene which controls flowering time in wheat and barley crops also directs the plant's root growth.

News Headlines
#115437
2017-12-04

Why remote Antarctica is so important in a warming world

Ever since the ancient Greeks speculated a continent must exist in the south polar regions to balance those in the north, Antarctica has been popularly described as remote and extreme. Over the past two centuries, these factors have combined to create, in the human psyche, an almost mythical lan ...

News Headlines
#115438
2017-12-04

The way we were—climate and human evolution

It has been an extraordinary year of explorations and discoveries at the Earth Institute. During the month of December, as 2017 draws to a close, we will be sharing stories that highlight some of the outstanding work of our researchers.

News Headlines
#115439
2017-12-04

Undersea topography generates hot spots of ocean mixing

Using underwater robots in the waters surrounding Antarctica, scientists at Caltech have shown that the intersection of strong currents with the slope of landmasses rising from the ocean floor makes a significant contribution to the mixing of different waters in the Southern Ocean. A study on th ...

News Headlines
#115441
2017-12-04

Consortium eyes NZ islands for genetic trials on pests

Islands around New Zealand have been eyed up for field trials using genetically-altered rodents in experiments to be funded by the United States' military's most advanced science research agency, documents show.

News Headlines
#115442
2017-12-04

Virtual reality for bacteria

Scientists at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) have managed to control the behavior of individual bacteria by connecting them to a computer. The interdisciplinary team including experimental biologist Remy Chait and mathematician Jakob Ruess (now at the Institut Past ...

News Headlines
#115419
2017-12-01

Researchers look to the fruit fly to understand the human brain

The human nervous system is like a complex circuit board. When wires cross or circuits malfunction, conditions such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder can arise.

News Headlines
#115420
2017-12-01

Global study reveals major set net risk to rare, treasured NZ penguin

A new review whose authors include University of Otago scientists highlights the serious risk fishing nets pose to the survival of New Zealand's iconic hoiho/yellow-eyed penguin, and calls for urgent Government action to improve the species' chances of survival.

News Headlines
#115394
2017-11-30

Reconciling taxon senescence with the Red Queen's hypothesis

In a new publication in the journal Nature, Indre Zliobaite and Mikael Fortelius from the University of Helsinki and Nils Christian Stenseth from the University of Oslo present a new interpretation of one of the classic hypotheses of evolutionary theory, the Red Queen's Hypothesis, proposed by L ...

News Headlines
#115396
2017-11-30

Wound healing or regeneration—the environment decides?

An earthworm cut in two parts can survive and regenerate. For humans, the loss of limbs is a severe problem that can only be treated by complex surgery. However, among animals, there are numerous examples of self-healing mechanisms, especially among invertebrates. How these regeneration mechanis ...

News Headlines
#115364
2017-11-29

Soil health is vital for global security and prosperity

Soil health and productivity is declining at unprecedented rates, but a new international scientific approach has been developed for avoiding, reducing and reversing land degradation.

News Headlines
#115367
2017-11-29

Theory of the evolution of sexes tested with algae

The varied sex lives of a type of green algae have enabled a University of Adelaide researcher to test a theory of why there are males and females.

News Headlines
#115357
2017-11-28

Birds can evolve so fast that scientists can watch it happen

You can count on your fingers the number of years it takes for a bird species to visibly evolve, biologists are discovering.Two new studies add to increasing evidence that even large, long-lived animal species can adapt physically and genetically to changes in their environment — and even give r ...

News Headlines
#115359
2017-11-28

Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula reveals a cryptic methane-fueled ecosystem in flooded caves

In the underground rivers and flooded caves of Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula, where Mayan lore described a fantastical underworld, scientists have found a cryptic world in its own right.

News Headlines
#115361
2017-11-28

New study finds timing is key in keeping organic matter in wet soils

When it comes to keeping organic matter contained in wet soils, timing is everything. At least, that's what a new study led by an Iowa State University ecologist suggests.

News Headlines
#115332
2017-11-27

A New Model Yields a Better Picture of Methane Fluxes

Scientists update an old model with recent findings, allowing for a more accurate understanding of methane dynamics in wetlands.Peat-forming wetlands, including bogs and fens, can switch between acting as sources and sinks of methane, a highly potent greenhouse gas.

News Headlines
#115336
2017-11-27

Dogs used to sniff out rare species

A new study has found that dogs can greatly aid conservation efforts in finding rare species by smelling out their poo."Dogs have been trained to find evidence of the elusive and endangered Tiger Quoll by finding where they go to the toilet," says Ms Emma Bennett, a PhD candidate at the Monash S ...

News Headlines
#115338
2017-11-27

Loss of species destroys ecosystems

An ecosystem provides humans with natural „services”, such as the fertility of the soil, the quality of the groundwater, the production of food, and pollination by insects, which is essential for many fruits.

News Headlines
#115309
2017-11-24

Rolling back the tide of pesticide poison, corruption and looming mass extinction

An anthropogenic mass extinction is underway that will affect all life on the planet and humans will struggle to survive the phenomenon. So claims Dr Rosemary Mason in a paper (2015) in the Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry.

News Headlines
#115317
2017-11-24

Flies' disease-carrying potential may be greater than thought, researchers say

Flies can be more than pesky picnic crashers, they may be potent pathogen carriers, too, according to an international team of researchers.

News Headlines
#115290
2017-11-22

How dinosaur scales became bird feathers

he genes that caused scales to become feathers in the early ancestors of birds have been found by US scientists. By expressing these genes in embryo alligator skin, the researchers caused the reptiles' scales to change in a way that may be similar to how the earliest feathers evolved.

News Headlines
#115299
2017-11-22

Flower Disguises As Mushroom Get Pollinated

In a study published in Ecology, scientists in Japan have discovered that the flowers of the Aspidistra elatior plant mimic the shape and smell of mushroom to attract pollinators.

News Headlines
#115269
2017-11-21

Climate change models of bird impacts pass the test

A major study looking at changes in where UK birds have been found over the past 40 years has validated the latest climate change models being used to forecast impacts on birds and other animals.

News Headlines
#115271
2017-11-21

Rise in oxygen levels links to ancient explosion of life, researchers find

A team of researchers, including a faculty member and postdoctoral fellow from Washington University in St. Louis, found that oxygen levels appear to increase at about the same time as a three-fold increase in biodiversity during the Ordovician Period, between 445 and 485 million years ago, acco ...

News Headlines
#115274
2017-11-21

Feeding by humans alters behavior and physiology of green turtles in the Canary Islands

Feeding animals is altering the behaviour and eating habits of the green turtle in the Canary Islands (Spain). This is the conclusion of a study published in the journal Science of the Total Environment carried out by a team from the Biodiversity Research Institute of the University of Barcelona ...

News Headlines
#115281
2017-11-21

Male dolphins offer gifts to attract females

Researchers from The University of Western Australia have captured a rare sexual display: evidence of male humpback dolphins presenting females with large marine sponges in an apparent effort to mate.

News Headlines
#115257
2017-11-20

Recovery of West Coast marine mammals boosts consumption of chinook salmon

Recovering populations of killer whales, sea lions and harbor seals on the West Coast have dramatically increased their consumption of chinook salmon in the last 40 years, which may now exceed the combined harvest by commercial and recreational fisheries, a new study finds.

News Headlines
#115227
2017-11-17

Fossil that fills missing evolutionary link named after UChicago professors

Lurking in oceans, rivers and lakes around the world are tiny, ancient animals known to few people. Bryozoans, tiny marine creatures that live in colonies, are “living fossils”–their lineage goes back to the time when multi-celled life was a newfangled concept. But until now, scientists were mis ...

News Headlines
#115234
2017-11-17

New 'artificial selection' research findings signal threat for marine environments

A new study by Monash biologists has provided fresh insights into the long-standing questions of why animals are of the size they are and what happens when we artificially induce a change in their size.

News Headlines
#115208
2017-11-16

Nasa forecast: Which cities will flood as ice melts?

A forecasting tool reveals which cities will be affected as different portions of the ice sheet melt, say scientists. It looks at the Earth's spin and gravitational effects to predict how water will be "redistributed" globally.

News Headlines
#115224
2017-11-16

Secrets of succulents' water-wise ways revealed

Plant Scientists at the University of Liverpool have revealed new insights into the mechanisms that allow certain plants to conserve water and tolerate drought.

News Headlines
#115203
2017-11-15

Chimps found to use arm and mouth expressions to convey distance

A small team of researchers working at the Primate Research Institute at Kyoto University has found evidence that chimps are able to use gestures to convey distance to a person. In their paper published in the journal Biology Letters, the group describes experiments they carried out with chimps ...

News Headlines
#115173
2017-11-14

Where is all that carbon dioxide going?

An international team of scientists announced today at the Bonn climate talks that human emissions of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide are again rising this year, after three years of remaining basically flat. They project that emissions will reach a record 41 billion tons in 2017, alongside a ...

News Headlines
#115166
2017-11-13

Research sheds new light on how organisms use energy in a crowd

Monash scientists have uncovered new and surprising discoveries about how organisms can regulate energy use when their numbers increase.

News Headlines
#115136
2017-11-10

Why did the Earth's ancient oceans disappear?

We think of oceans as being stable and permanent. However, they move at about the same speed as your fingernails grow. Geoscientists at CEED, University of Oslo have found a novel way of mapping the Earth's ancient oceans.

News Headlines
#115140
2017-11-10

Research shows ice sheets as large as Greenland's melted fast in a warming climate

New research published in Science shows that climate warming reduced the mass of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet by half in as little as 500 years, indicating the Greenland Ice Sheet could have a similar fate.

News Headlines
#115141
2017-11-10

New study sheds light on how earliest forms of life evolved on Earth

A new study led by ANU has shed light on how the earliest forms of life evolved on Earth about four billion years ago.In a major advance on previous work, the study found a compound commonly used in hair bleach, hydrogen peroxide, made the eventual emergence of life possible.

News Headlines
#115142
2017-11-10

Scientists investigate how different houses and lifestyles affect which bugs live with us

Humans have lived under the same roof with bugs since we first began building shelters 20,000 years ago. Now, scientists are studying how physical factors of our homes—from the floor plan and the number of windows to even how tidy we are—may play a role in the diversity of the multi-legged commu ...

News Headlines
#115113
2017-11-09

Solar Energy from Algae? Researchers from Yale, Princeton, Lincoln and NASA Think So

Billions of years before the invention of solar panels, algae was already harnessing the sun’s energy. Because algae has been optimized for light absorption through its evolution, the key to more efficient solar panels may be unlocked by working with algae.

News Headlines
#115097
2017-11-08

Sheep 'can recognise human faces'

Sheep have demonstrated the ability to recognise familiar human faces, according to a study.Cambridge University researchers were able to train sheep to identify the faces of actors Jake Gyllenhaal and Emma Watson, former US President Barack Obama and BBC newsreader Fiona Bruce.

News Headlines
#115098
2017-11-08

Tracking collars uncover the secrets of baboons' raiding tactics

Scientists from Swansea University are part of an international team who have revealed how canny baboons in Cape Town, South Africa, use a sit-and-wait tactic before raiding people's homes in search of food.

News Headlines
#115099
2017-11-08

Dozens of new wildlife corridors identified for African mammals

Researchers at the University of California, Davis, have identified 52 potential wildlife corridors linking protected areas across Tanzania. Using a cost-effective combination of interviews with local residents and a land conversion dataset for East Africa, they found an additional 23 corridors ...

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