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News Headlines
#114881
2017-10-18

Study maps out reptiles’ ranges, completing the ‘atlas of life’

Across the swath of vertebrate lifeforms that inhabit Earth, scientists have a pretty good idea about where most of the known land mammals, birds and amphibians live. That makes identifying areas for protection where a lot of these animals live relatively straightforward, even if the details of ...

News Headlines
#114887
2017-10-18

Study reshapes understanding of climate change’s impact on early societies

The team of researchers examined the hydroclimatic and societal impacts in Egypt of a sequence of tropical and high-latitude volcanic eruptions spanning the past 2,500 years, as known from modern ice-core records. The team focused on the Ptolemaic dynasty of ancient Egypt (305-30 B.C.E.)—a state ...

News Headlines
#114874
2017-10-17

Spider-web 'labyrinths' may help reduce noise pollution

Researchers have demonstrated that the geometry of a natural spider web can be used to design new structures that address one of the biggest challenges in sound control: reducing low-frequency noise, which is the second most widespread environmental problem in Europe after air pollution.

News Headlines
#114849
2017-10-16

Ocean atmosphere rife with microbes

Microbes are dispersed widely over the oceans with islands acting as stepping-stones to help transport of land-based organisms.Microbes in the atmosphere and the role of the oceans in their movement have been largely overlooked by researchers.

News Headlines
#114807
2017-10-10

Researchers say ocean winds could power all of human civilization

If you have ever been to a beach anywhere, you know that the wind blows constantly onto the land from the water. Researchers published a report this week that claims there is so much wind energy potential over the oceans that it could be used to generate “civilization scale power.” The catch is ...

News Headlines
#114789
2017-10-06

Bacteria can spread antibiotic resistance through soil

When most people think about bacterial antibiotic resistance, they think about it occurring in bacteria found in people or animals. But the environment surrounding us is a huge bacterial reservoir, and antibiotic resistance can be passed between bacteria in the environment, including in the soil.

News Headlines
#114790
2017-10-06

Catch a whiff of this: scientists decode durian DNA

Once described by a detractor as smelling of “turpentine and onions, garnished with a gym sock”, southeast Asia’s durian fruit leaves no-one unmoved — you either adore or abhor it.

News Headlines
#114755
2017-10-05

Airborne method of understanding northern lakes and their links to climate change

Researchers at Umeå University in Sweden are exploring the potential to create a landscape level map of the shapes of lake basins through a laser survey. This is a critical missing piece of the puzzle for understanding the role of lake carbon cycling at large spatial scales.

News Headlines
#114756
2017-10-05

Humans First Left Africa Because Of Climate Change

We know that humans first started to migrate our of Africa around 60,000 years ago, what we’ve never been entirely sure of is what caused the to do it. New research led by a geoscientists from the University of Arizona has found however that the reason touches on a subject hat’s very much in the ...

News Headlines
#114725
2017-10-04

Even optimistic climate change predictions have periglacial zones at tipping point

Researchers find that the decline of cold regions called periglacial zones is now inevitable. Even based on optimistic future carbon emissions estimates, they predict a 72 % reduction of the periglacial zone in their study’s northern Europe region.

News Headlines
#114726
2017-10-04

Researchers discover what is on the menu for dragonflies

Researchers from the Universities of Turku and Helsinki, Finland, have discovered the prey species of adult dragonflies and damselflies, as modern laboratory techniques enabled the study of the insects' diet. In the study, prey DNA was extracted from tiny dragonfly droppings and the researchers ...

News Headlines
#114735
2017-10-04

Rare songbird may never have existed

One of the world's most elusive species of songbird may be so hard to spot because it never existed in the first place, according to new research from the University of Aberdeen.

News Headlines
#114701
2017-10-03

Scientists describe the distribution of soil microorganisms

Scientists from RUDN University have classified the distribution of soil microorganisms at different latitudes from tropical to temperate forests. The results of the study were published in Functional Ecology.

News Headlines
#114709
2017-10-03

Bats key pollinators for durian production, new study says

Camera trap footage has shown, for the first time, that a threatened bat species in Malaysia is an important pollinator of durian trees (Durio zibethinus).Past research in other parts of the world has shown that certain bats do pollinate durian trees, and insects may also play a role. But until ...

News Headlines
#114683
2017-10-02

What Scientists Are Learning About the Impact of an Acidifying Ocean

The effects of ocean acidification on marine life have only become widely recognized in the past decade. Now researchers are rapidly expanding the scope of investigations into what falling pH means for ocean ecosystems.

News Headlines
#114691
2017-10-02

Earth May Be Close to 'Threshold of Catastrophe'

The amount of carbon dioxide that humans will have released into the atmosphere by 2100 may be enough to trigger a sixth mass extinction, a new study suggests.

News Headlines
#114693
2017-10-02

Marmoset babies get a boost from attentive fathers

Good fathers make for healthier kids, according to a study of some of nature's best fathers: marmosets.Fathers in colonies of the common marmoset, a small New World primate, split child care duties with their mates, but not all marmoset dads are equally fatherly.

News Headlines
#114641
2017-09-28

Oldest evidence of life on Earth found in Canadian rocks

Rocks from northern Labrador have been found to contain the oldest known evidence of life on Earth. Graphite — a form of pure carbon — found in the 3.95-billion-year-old rocks shows the geochemical signature of having come from the decomposition of living organisms, researchers report in a new s ...

News Headlines
#114648
2017-09-28

We faced abuse for asking people to kill wasps for science – here’s why it was worthwhile

When we launched a citizen science project earlier this year, we didn’t expect to get in so much trouble. We wanted to public to help us find out more about social wasps (the black-and-yellow striped insects that bother us at picnics and BBQs) and so we launched the Big Wasp Survey. Social wasps ...

News Headlines
#114649
2017-09-28

Did dino-killing asteroid speed bird evolution?

A new study suggests that the asteroid-induced mass extinction 66 million years ago that wiped out the dinosaurs – known as the K-Pg event – led to an acceleration in the rate of genetic evolution among birds, the dinosaurs’ only remaining descendants.

News Headlines
#114651
2017-09-28

Exploring an ancient event in pumpkin, gourd and melon evolution

The next time you bite into that perfect, sweet and succulent watermelon, you may want to appreciate that it's a product of millions of years of evolution in the making.

News Headlines
#114652
2017-09-28

Deep waters spiral upward around Antarctica

Through observations and modeling, scientists have long known that large, deep currents in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans flow southward, converging on Antarctica. After entering the Southern Ocean they overturn—bringing water up from the deeper ocean—before moving back northward at the ...

News Headlines
#114655
2017-09-28

How different ant species coexist in the same territory

In every animal community, several species in the same group often share habitats. An international team including scientists from Catalonia in Spain has created the largest public-access database on the cohabitation ants. The goal is to understand their tricks for coexistence and how they respo ...

News Headlines
#114614
2017-09-27

Scientists probe secrets of 'seventh continent' Zealandia submerged in South Pacific

Scientists believe they have uncovered the secrets of the Earth's long-lost seventh continent, and it is set to lead to a better understanding of how the planet's climate and oceans work.

News Headlines
#114592
2017-09-26

Solving food challenges with more research

The world’s population is booming. According to estimates, the global population is likely to exceed 9 billion by 2050, with 5 billion people in Asia alone.

News Headlines
#114606
2017-09-26

Pigeons better at multitasking than humans: study

Pigeons are capable of switching between two tasks as quickly as humans – and even more quickly in certain situations. These are the findings of biopsychologists who had performed the same behavioural experiments to test birds and humans. The authors hypothesize that the cause of the slight mult ...

News Headlines
#114577
2017-09-25

Scientists call for more research on how human activities affect the seabed

A group of UK scientists, co-ordinated by the University of Southampton, has published extensive research into how industry and environmental change are affecting our seafloors, but say more work is needed to help safeguard these complex ecosystems and the benefits they provide to people for the ...

News Headlines
#114586
2017-09-25

Researchers find way to chart changes in the speed of deep-ocean currents using the most modest of materials—mud

Researchers have found a way to chart changes in the speed of deep-ocean currents using the most modest of materials - mud. The approach, reported in the journal Deep-Sea Research Part I, could provide scientists with a better basis for understanding the behaviour of ancient ocean currents and, ...

News Headlines
#114555
2017-09-22

Long-lost Congo notebooks may shed light on how trees react to climate change

A cache of decaying notebooks found in a crumbling Congo research station has provided unexpected evidence with which to help solve a crucial puzzle – predicting how vegetation will respond to climate change.

News Headlines
#114556
2017-09-22

IIT study finds states with less forest cover reported most damage by floods

More forest cover can reduce the damage that floods cause in India, a new study by researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (IITK) has reported.

News Headlines
#114557
2017-09-22

Marine snails know how to budget their housing costs

For nearly 50 years, researchers have been stumped as to why sea shells from warm tropical waters are comparatively larger than their cold water relatives. New research, led by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (Coral CoE) at James Cook University in Australia with researchers ...

News Headlines
#114542
2017-09-21

Prepping for Alien Oceans, NASA Goes Deep

In late 2012 NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope spotted what appeared to be plumes of water vapor spewing from the frozen surface of Jupiter’s moon Europa. Another observation last year provided more evidence this was not a fluke. It is likely that below that distant world’s ice is an ocean larger th ...

News Headlines
#114545
2017-09-21

6th Global Mass Extinction Is Coming All Too Soon, According to This Mathematician

It doesn't come along very often, but after some 540 million years, this world we live on has witnessed five mass extinctions – and the next curtain could fall before the century is up.

News Headlines
#114512
2017-09-20

Researchers find there are at least 14,003 plant types in Amazon basin

Anyone who has ever visited the Amazon rain forest knows that there are many types of plants there—perhaps too many to count. No one has ever been able to say for sure how many types there are because of the difficulty in finding and identifying them.

News Headlines
#114515
2017-09-20

Adjusting to fluctuating temperatures

The duration of the vegetation period – i.e. the time that elapses between leafing out (the emergence of the first leaf) in spring and the initiation of leaf loss in autumn – is a highly significant ecological parameter that has a considerable influence on both plant productivity and the biogeoc ...

News Headlines
#114521
2017-09-20

That study about larvae eating plastic is full of holes

Do you remember that study a while back that found that some caterpillars digest plastic? Well, not all that glitters is gold. Although many cheered that this could be the solution to our plastic problem, it’s actually not so sure yet. Some German researchers found that the evidence provided doe ...

News Headlines
#114522
2017-09-20

Owls hold secret to ageless ears

Barn owls keep their acute sense of hearing into old age, scientists have discovered. Previously, starlings have been found to have this ability, suggesting birds are protected from age-related hearing loss.

News Headlines
#114531
2017-09-20

Bite force research reveals dinosaur-eating frog

Scientists say that a large, now extinct, frog called Beelzebufo that lived about 68 million years ago in Madagascar would have been capable of eating small dinosaurs.

News Headlines
#114532
2017-09-20

Breaking legume's crop wild relative barrier

Domesticating plants to grow as crops can turn out to be a double-edged scythe.On one hand, selecting specific desirable traits, such as high yields, can increase crop productivity. But other important traits, like resistance to pests, can be lost. That can make crops vulnerable to different str ...

News Headlines
#114533
2017-09-20

10,000 year-old DNA proves when fish colonized lakes

DNA molecules in lake sediment are few and hard bound to particles. This resulted in challenging analyses and required development of new methods, both for extracting sufficiently clean DNA and for the statistical analysis of data. For this work, doctoral student Fredrik Olajos and researcher Fo ...

News Headlines
#114534
2017-09-20

It takes just 4 years to detect human warming of the oceans

We’ve known for decades that the Earth is warming, but a key question is, how fast? Another key question is whether the warming is primarily caused by human activities. If we can more precisely measure the rate of warming and the natural component, it would be useful for decision makers, legisla ...

News Headlines
#114535
2017-09-20

Winter restricts innovation—A new model for tropical plant biodiversity is based on the 'storage effect'

Based on data from 10 long-term forest monitoring plots, including seven from the Smithsonian's ForestGEO network, a team led by Jacob Usinowicz during his doctoral dissertation at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, provides the first evidence that the 'storage effect' enables tree species to ...

News Headlines
#114491
2017-09-19

Carbon dioxide trapped by ice-age oceans raises questions for future

Over the past few decades, scientists have monitored the atmosphere and oceans using instruments, gauges and satellites. But modern climate variability remains small compared to what we can expect in the future due to human emission of carbon dioxide.

News Headlines
#114503
2017-09-19

Algae growing on snow found to cause ice field to melt faster in Alaska

A team of researchers from several institutions in the U.S. has found that algae growing on packed snow causes the snow to melt faster. In their paper published in the journal Nature Geoscience, the team describes testing the impact of algae growing on snow and measuring its impact on an Alaskan ...

News Headlines
#114506
2017-09-19

Method allows researchers to collect body odour samples of mammals in a non-invasive manner

Mammals communicate with each other using olfactory cues. This way they recognize relatives or friends or find a genetically suitable mate. However, to collect smells, especially in the wild, is anything but easy to accomplish. A team of researchers from the University of Leipzig and the Max Pla ...

News Headlines
#114481
2017-09-18

Antarctic Caves Warmed By Volcanic Steam May Harbor Life

Although the temperatures in caves on the world's southernmost active volcano are closer to that of a summer night than a sauna, new research suggests that even this moderate heat may make life possible there.

News Headlines
#114482
2017-09-18

Researchers develop new ultra-fast 3D microscope

A new microscope can capture 3-D images of live organisms in real time. It's called the QIs-scope, an innovation from a spinoff of Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), 4D Nature. The microscope can be used in biomedical research or to improve clinical diagnosis procedures.

News Headlines
#114485
2017-09-18

Glacial melt will wreck ecosystems worldwide

Glaciers cover one-tenth of the planet’s land surface – but not for much longer. Glaciers worldwide are in retreat, and losing mass. They are shrinking and melting, and that will create problems almost everywhere, according to new research.

News Headlines
#114454
2017-09-15

Ignoring human impact on millions of invisible microbes putting lives at risk: expert

SYDNEY, Sept. 15 (Xinhua) -- A leading Australian expert warned on Friday that more needs to be done to address the potential damage being done by humans to the microbial ecology as microorganisms are critical to our survival on the planet.

News Headlines
#114455
2017-09-15

Bacterial baggage: how humans are spreading germs all over the globe

Humans are transporting trillions of bacteria around the world via tourism, food and shipping, without stopping to think about the potential damage being caused to bacterial ecosystems.

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