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News Headlines
#116187
2018-03-06

Without 46 million year-old bacteria, turtle ants would need more bite and less armor

You've probably heard about poop pills, the latest way for humans to get benevolent bacteria into their guts. But it seems that a group of ants may have been the original poop pill pioneers—46 million years ago.

News Headlines
#116148
2018-03-01

Disappearing act

The Asian tiger mosquito -- carrier of such diseases as dengue, yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, Chikungunya and Zika -- appears to have vanished from Palmyra. Not native to the small atoll 1,000 miles south of Hawaii, Aedes albopict likely came to Palmyra during World War II, when the United St ...

News Headlines
#116149
2018-03-01

Conservation goals may fall short without protection of intact forests: study

The few remaining intact forests that are free from damaging human activities need special protection to meet conservation and climate goals, scientists said in a new study.

News Headlines
#116155
2018-03-01

Researchers study flower that catapults pollen

Flowers are just about the last thing in nature you'd list as fast, but the mountain laurels' filaments are an exception.The defining characteristic of the flowers, which are native to the eastern United States, is a series of 10 arms or filaments that act like catapults, flinging pollen into th ...

News Headlines
#116127
2018-02-28

New research illustrates how birds help to produce rare wild chili peppers

f you've enjoyed some spicy food lately, you might have a bird to thank.A new study involving Iowa State University researchers explores how a mutualistic, or mutually beneficial, relationship between birds and chili peppers in the Mariana Islands helps chili peppers grow in the wild. The study, ...

News Headlines
#116135
2018-02-28

Study suggests active restoration of damaged ecosystems not always better than nature

An international team of researchers has found evidence that suggests human efforts to restore damaged ecosystems are not always better than simply letting nature take its course. In their paper published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, the group describes analyzing over 400 studies docum ...

News Headlines
#116136
2018-02-28

How algae change their internal solar panels to stay alive

A collaboration between the Benning and Kramer labs is revealing how nature's solar panels, found inside algae, constantly grow and shrink in size to adjust to changes in their environments, a crucial system that ensures their hosts stay healthy and alive.

News Headlines
#116118
2018-02-27

5.5 million-year-old fossil turtle species sheds light on invasive modern relatives

A University of Pennsylvania paleontologist has described a 5.5 million-year-old fossil species of turtle from eastern Tennessee. It represents a new species of the genus Trachemys, commonly known as sliders, which are frequently kept as pets today.

News Headlines
#116097
2018-02-26

More precise measurements show West Antarctica ice melt accelerating

A team of researchers from NASA and several other institutions in the U.S. and Europe has found evidence of ice melt accelerating in some western parts of Antarctica. In their paper published in the journal Cryosphere, the group describes the new technology they used to study ice melt in Antarct ...

News Headlines
#116085
2018-02-22

Researchers optimise broad beans for bees

Scientists from Royal Holloway, University of London and the University of Cambridge have been taking part in an experiment to optimise broad beans to increase bee visitation rates; and their findings could benefit both the beans and the bees.

News Headlines
#116086
2018-02-22

Asian elephants have different personality traits just like humans

Researchers of the University of Turku, Finland, have studied a timber elephant population in Myanmar and discovered that Asian elephant personality manifests through three factors. The personality factors identified by the researchers are attentiveness, sociability and aggressiveness.

News Headlines
#116055
2018-02-21

Conflicts between male and female can take place in the development of new species

Male and female of same species can develop to be different to the point that they keep different species from advancing or colonizing living spaces. The study also challenges long-held hypotheses in transit normal choice drives the advancement of biodiversity.

News Headlines
#116058
2018-02-21

Green toads with multiple genomes have ancestors that are only distantly related

Diploid vertebrates have two sets of chromosomes, one from each parent. In contrast, polyploidy, meaning to possess three or more sets of chromosomes, is very rare in animals. To find out how new vertebrate species have evolved, and, more generally, how the current biodiversity emerged, evolutio ...

News Headlines
#116059
2018-02-21

Dispersal of fish eggs by water birds—just a myth?

How do fish end up in isolated bodies of water? For centuries, researchers have assumed that water birds transfer fish eggs into these waters—however, a systematic literature review by researchers at the University of Basel has shown that there is no evidence of this to date.

News Headlines
#116068
2018-02-21

Tasmanian tiger 'joeys' revealed in 3D

It is a fascinating insight into the biology of an extinct animal. Scientists have scanned all known preserved Tasmanian tiger "joeys" to better understand the marsupial's key early development phases.

News Headlines
#116071
2018-02-21

A global view of species diversity in high elevations, via mountain birds

A new look at mountain birds is helping Yale University researchers test long-held assumptions about species richness in high elevations.

News Headlines
#116031
2018-02-20

Scientists Complete Butterfly Evolutionary Tree

An international team of lepidopterists has compiled the most comprehensive evolutionary tree for butterflies to date. The results appear in the journal Current Biology.

News Headlines
#116040
2018-02-20

Origins of land plants pushed back in time

A seminal event in the Earth's history - when plants appeared on land - may have happened 100 million years earlier than previously thought. Land plants evolved from "pond scum" about 500 million years ago, according to new research.

News Headlines
#116042
2018-02-20

Cracking the genetic code for complex traits in cattle

A massive global study involving 58,000 cattle has pinpointed the genes that influence the complex genetic trait of height in cattle, opening the door for researchers to use the same approach to map high-value traits including those important for beef and milk production.

News Headlines
#116049
2018-02-20

Research finds evolutionary ‘secret sauce’ against climate change

Research suggests hares and jackrabbits hopping along in the Rocky Mountains demonstrate the “secret sauce” for how animals can adapt to a new climate. (Wikimedia commons)

News Headlines
#116022
2018-02-19

A switch to plant-based protein could help tackle climate change and hunger

Agriculture – both victim and cause of climate change. New research shows moving away from animal protein towards legumes makes sense nutritionally and environmentally.

News Headlines
#116026
2018-02-19

The 11th species of an endemic Australian wasp genus

As well as an interest in all insects, Flinders biological sciences Ph.D. Ben Parslow has a fascination for wasps.The focus of his doctorate research on the wasp genus Gasteruption has accidently has put him on the trail of describing the 11th species of an endemic Australian wasp genus.

News Headlines
#116029
2018-02-19

Biodiversity loss raises risk of 'extinction cascades'

New research shows that the loss of biodiversity can increase the risk of "extinction cascades," where an initial species loss leads to a domino effect of further extinctions.

News Headlines
#116006
2018-02-16

Plants are given a new family tree

A new genealogy of plant evolution, led by researchers at the University of Bristol, shows that the first plants to conquer land were a complex species, challenging long-held assumptions about plant evolution.

News Headlines
#116007
2018-02-16

Starfish can see in the dark (among other amazing abilities)

If you go down to the shore today, you're sure of a big surprise. Many will have witnessed the presence of a starfish or two when visiting the seashore or a public aquarium. Starfish come in an exciting range of colours and sizes, but have you ever given a thought to how this multi-armed wonder ...

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